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Hans Memling
Hans
 Memling
Netherlands 1433−1494
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Born in Seligenstadt near Frankfurt am main about 1440. He studied first in Cologne and then in Brussels near Rogier van der Weyden. In 1465 he settled in Bruges in 1467 there entered the Guild of painters. Memling died in Bruges 11 August, 1494. Patrons and customers Memling lived throughout Europe, but his most famous works were made for the hospital of St. John in Bruges.

From what rank was he? Who were his parents? Where he learned the basics of the skill? Answers to these questions is no. Even the record of the baptism of the Memling is not preserved. In the second half of the 1450-ies of the young man beckoned road. At first he was going to stay in Cologne. We can confidently talk about the impact on the young artist Cologne two masters, Stephan Lochner, and an unknown artist, called commonly "a"Master of St. Veronica"".

 

Thus, in Brussels, one of the most brilliant cities of the Netherlands, our hero arrived already somewhat "versed" in the art. Therefore, on arrival he did not panic and went straight to the workshop of Rogier van der Weyden. Documentary evidence of the fact that he was trained in this workshop, no. But the traces study with Rogier van der Weyden in the works of Memling lurking now and then. Rogier van der Weyden became famous back in those days, when Memling was a kid. The rumor about him ""the descent from the cross"" by the time the Memling in Brussels managed to fly almost all of Europe. And the other any significant workshops in Brussels in those years was not.

 

There is evidence that Memling was close to the court of Charles the Bold. This closeness can also be regarded as proof of his study with Rogier van der Weyden, as Molodoi artist, and even a stranger, could hardly be of interest to the illustrious Dukes. In this time the old master was living his last years. He almost did not write and do not have the strength to pay much attention to his workshop. Memling thus, being the most talented pupil of Rogier, was a ""pillar"" of this workshop. Some researchers even speak about the fact that he actually directed it at the beginning of 1460 years.

 

Almost immediately after the death of Rogier, in 1464, Memling left Brussels and went to Bruges became the end point of his journey. In 1465 he already is a full citizen of Bruges, a homeowner and family-oriented., then a member of the local Guild of St. Luke. Then his life flowed peacefully. From his wife, Anna Falkener, he had three sons: Jan, Cornelis and Nicolas. In 1480 he bought the stone house, followed by two more for rent. Financial situation and it was very good. In 1487, the artist became a widow and seven years later, in August, 1494, and he went after his wife to the grave, and was buried in the cemetery at the Church of St. Gilles.

 

The end of the 1460's- the first half of 1470 years can be called the most peaceful time in the life of Memling. He was rich, popular, revered. And even belonged to the ""Brotherhood of the virgin of the Snow"," to be which was considered honorable, because it consisted of himself, Charles the Bold. To 1480 years Memling was the only Keeper of the old traditions of Dutch painting. Anyway - the only major master in Flanders (Bosch started his career). It was not the ""uniqueness"" dream master once, but a true spiritual solitude, although peppered with wealth and veneration of the citizens.

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