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Stanislav Yulianovich Zhukovsky
Stanislav
 Yulianovich Zhukovsky
Russia 1873−1944
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Born into a family of Polish aristocrat, deprived of possessions and noble rights for participation in the Polish uprising of 1863. In 1892, Zhukovsky, against the will of the father, went to Moscow to study painting. Studied under Isaac Levitan; graduated from the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture. Since 1895 Zhukovsky participated in exhibitions of the Wanderers. Lived mainly in Moscow. In 1923 the artist moved to Poland. In the 1930s I. I. Brodsky and other friends of the artist Zhukovsky persuaded to return to the USSR, but he remained in Poland. During world war II the artist was arrested by the Nazis. Died in a concentration camp in Pruszkow in 1944.

In the early XX century, S. Yu. Zhukovsky - one of the most famous and popular landscape artists in Russia. The Moscow school of painting he was considered the most gifted pupil and a direct descendant of Isaac Levitan. Indeed, the great landscape painter with a particular interest watched the work of the young student. Already in 1895 the town of Zhukovsky, participated in exhibitions TPHV, he later became one of the founding members of the Union of Russian artists.

 

Even before the release of Philology from the College in 1899, his painting "moonlight night" was acquired in the collection of the Tretyakov gallery.

 

Early landscapes of the artist ("the Sunset. The upper reaches of the Volga river", 1897; "Spring water", 1898; "early autumn", "Clear autumn. Indian summer", both 1899; "the rising of the moon", 1902; "Khotkovo", 1903), written in the spirit of levitanovskoy tradition. Skillfully executed, soft and poetic, they in all senses of the easier landscapes of a teacher.

 

Zhukovsky was not a philosopher. He was in love with life and the beauty of the world and sought to capture the unique beauty of each moment, of each natural state. He was working rapidly, wrote large landscapes directly from nature, often for one or two sessions. The freshness of the direct perception, so valued in the late XIX - early XX century, is very important for Zhukovsky.

 

In the mid-1900s, his manner is somewhat different, colors get brighter - the influence of the Impressionists, the smear is more pronounced and energetic, enhanced by decorative. So Zhukov sky writes in the future ("March evening", 1904; "the Dam", 1909; "in the evening", 1910; "Autumn. Veranda", 1911; "Fading asters", "Fresh snow", both 1912; "Lake" 1912-14; "Spring", 1913; "Blue water", 1914, etc.). Increasingly draws the artist "poetry lordly manor" ("crossing at dawn", 1902; the cycle of "Sleepless night", "Morning. Autumn in the house," 1906; "a Sad Duma", 1907; "the last Flowers", 1908; "the old Mall", 1913; "the Park in the fall. Vintage estate Menshikovs", 1900s, etc.).

 

However, Zhukovskogo is not just a fad. He spent his childhood in the family estate of his father, the Old Will in Western Belarus. He knew the beauty of manor, and the sense of loss familiar and cozy world. The artist's father was deprived of his nobility and property rights for participation in the Polish uprising in 1863 and lived on his estate the rights of the tenant. Yes, and the artist went in 1892 in Moscow to study painting against the will of the father, it not only condemned himself to extremely heavy (in the material sense) exist, but was lost for many years the opportunity to return to their homes.

Since the late 1900s Zhukovsky writes a lot of manor interiors. But he remained above all a landscape painter. The interiors of Zhukovsky always open to the world. A significant role in their window, which is visible in the surrounding landscape ("a Joyful may", "Poetry of the old noble house", both 1912; "Spring rays", 1913; "the Room in the estate of Barsova", 1916; "Kuskovo. Crimson lounge", 1917, etc.). The artist loves to write and just window - this clear boundary between the small home world, created by man, and the great outside world, which he is a part (the"First harbingers of spring", 1910; "Snowdrops", "spring Festival", both 1911).

 

After the October revolution, Zhukovsky still works hard, despite all the difficulties. For a long time he lives in Vyatka. Back in Moscow, the artist arranges in 1921. But then he had to endure the sharp attacks of avant-garde criticism.

 

Gradually Zhukovsky stated in the intention to leave Russia. In 1923 he went to Poland. The range of topics and images in his art remains the same ("Before the masquerade. Portrait of the wife", 1923; "River in a forest", "Autumn morning", "Frost", all in 1928, "moonlit night. Jasmine and peonies", the 1920s, etc.). Smear only is, perhaps, even more fluid.

 

In the years of the European economic crisis of the late 1920s - early 1930s, fellow artists, and among them the most influential Brodsky, persistently trying to persuade Zhukovsky back in the USSR. The words he agrees, but is limited to selling to the Soviet Assembly of a number of works. He died in a camp for deported by the Nazis after the Warsaw uprising of residents of the Polish capital. During the uprising were killed and many of his paintings.

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Styles of art
Techniques
Branches of art
Subjects

Artistic associations
  • Izograf (Consent of artists of Moscow "painters")
  • The world of art
  • Moscow society of art lovers (molh)
  • Moscow Association of artists (Moscow art theatre)
  • Society in the name of Leonardo da Vinci
  • The Rostov-Nakhichevan-on-don society of fine arts
  • Tambov society of lovers of the arts

Learning
  • The Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture
    1892  - 1901
  • Bialystok real school
    1889  - 


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