Nikolai Alekseevich Kasatkin (13 (25) December, 1859, Moscow — December 17, 1930, Moscow) — Russian painter-a realist. A member of the "Itinerants society" since 1891, first people's artist of the Republic (1923), one of the founders of socialist realism. He graduated from the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture (1883), where his principal mentor was V. G. Perov. Member of St. Petersburg Academy of arts (1903). From 1873 to 1883 studied at the School of painting, sculpture and architecture where his teachers were artists-Itinerants Vasily Perov and Illarion Pryanishnikov. Since 1891, was a member of the "Itinerants society". In 1883 Kasatkin received the highest award of the school — a large silver medal and the title of the artist for the painting "the Beggars on the Church porch". In 1894 and 1895 visited the Donbass. Postage stamp USSR 1956. In 1894-1917 years Kasatkin worked as a teacher in a native School. In addition, after graduation, Kasatkina was invited to work in a publishing house, the largest Russian publisher Sytin, where the artist worked for nearly thirty years, participating in the creation of a "Russian history in pictures", the first desktop calendar of "great reforms" — jubilee edition dedicated to the fiftieth anniversary of the implementation of the Peasant reform. After the October revolution Kasatkin was the first person awarded the honorary title of people's artist of the Republic (1923). He entered the newly formed AHRR ("Association artists revolutionary Russia", artistic Association, the most numerous and powerful of the Russian creative groups of the 1920-ies). In 1924 he was sent to England to capture the social struggle of the local proletariat. In General attempts to make him "Gorky of Soviet painting" proved to be untenable due to the apparent incommensurability of talents. It is best in the late period he managed some bright image (such as"tuition. Pioneer books" 1926, Museum of the revolution). 17 Dec 1930, giving explanations in the Museum of the revolution to his new film "Sigida" ("the Carian tragedy"), which displays the tragedy of the protagonist Hopes of Sigidy (Malaksiano), Kasatkin died. He was buried in Moscow. Students: B. Johansson, V. V. Meshkov and others.