Welcome to the brand new Arthive! Discover a full list of new features here.


Italia • I century−1242

Biography and information

According to the document 1228, Berlingieri, Berlingieri, with his sons Bonaventura and Baron, as well as with other people of Lucca, made peace with psancam. Although Berlingieri and was named "Ambassador", there is no doubt that he was a native of Lucca. Such his works as "the Crucifixion" (Lucca, Museum) or the "Madonna" (new York, Metropolitan Museum), show the origin of his art: "the Crucifixion" by their facial features and carefully chosen combination of colors mimics the Byzantine images; this is reflected in "Mary Hodegetria", depicted in the upper part of the crucifixion.

Berlingieri di Milanese or Berlingieri, Berlingieri, was the founder of not only the first known in Tuscany art workshop, but also the famous dynasty of artists. His sons Bonaventura, Barone, and Marco, worked in his father's workshop. In the archival documents there is evidence that the Baron in 1243 wrote the icon for the archdeacon of Lucca, 1256 painted the cross for the parish Church in Casabasciana, near Lucca, and in 1282 he wrote the "Cross", "Madonna" and "St. Andrew" for the Church of San Andrea in Lucca. Similar evidence is there and "Marcus pictor the painter Marco". The activities of the workshop, Berlingieri was not limited to Florence, from documents known orders of Fucecchio and Pechie, Perugia, and even Bologna. This means that the workshop enjoyed fame and success.

Berlingieri di Milanese. "Cross" NAT. the Museum of Villa Guinigi.

Today there are three signed Berlingieri works: "the Cross" in NAT. the Museum of Villa Guinigi; the "Cross" ("Cross of Fucecchio") in the Museo Nazionale di San Matteo, Pisa; and the remainder painted cross that is stored in a private collection. The rest of the work attributed to it by researchers on analogy, it is a "Triptych" (Museum of art, Cleveland); "Madonna and child" (Raleigh, art Museum of North Carolina); the "Madonna and child" (or "Madonna Strauss", new York, Metropolitan Museum); a fragment of a painted cross (Avignon, musée Petit Palais); a fragment of the cross (Rio de Janeiro, national Museum) and "Madonna and child" (Pisa Cathedral).

In the works of Berlingieri felt an overwhelming Byzantine influence. Though we see his attempts not just to follow the Byzantine models, but to make something of their own. For example, in the triptych of Cleveland, the iconography of which is based on the Byzantine prototype of the "virgin of Glykofilousa" ("sladkogolosaya"), shows a desire to revive, to humanize the figure of the child Jesus. "The Cross of Fucecchio" despite the fact that this cross is a kind of "Christ triumphant", the face of Christ is already distorted by a grimace of pain, as if anticipating future creations Giunta Pisano.

According to the documents, 1236, Berlingieri was dead. Based on this the researchers attributed the date of his birth around the year 1180.