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Arnold Böcklin
Arnold
 Böcklin
1827−1901
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Arnold .. .. (it. Arnold Böcklin, October 16, 1827, Basel, Switzerland — 16 Jan 1901 in San Domenico di Fiesole, Italy) — Swiss painter, graphic artist and sculptor; one of the outstanding representatives of symbolism in European fine art of the XIX century.

He studied at the Academy of arts in düsseldorf (1845-1847), then in Munich. Took an educational trip to Switzerland, the Netherlands and France. In 1850-1857 worked in Rome. In 1860-1862 he was a Professor at the Academy of arts in Weimar. Recent years, alternately in Basel and in Italy.

Arnold .. .. (Arnold Boecklin) (1827-1901), Swiss painter and sculptor. Born October 16, 1827 in Basel. He studied in düsseldorf (1845-1847), Geneva (1847) and Paris (1848). Worked in Basel, Munich, Italy. Was one of the most controversial artists of his time: some admired his rich artistic imagination, others criticized him as a weak painter.

In an effort to get away from the image of reality created in the films fictional world, often deliberately mysterious. At first, he wrote romantic landscapes with mythological figures, then fantastic scenes with nymphs, sea monsters, etc. ("Triton and Nereid", 1873-1874).

In the last years of his life .. .. has had a strong impact on literary circles of the symbolists, who sought the counter-naturalism. The later songs ("the island of the dead", 1880, Kunstmuseum, Basel), where a contrived symbolism combined with naturalistic accuracy of detail, influenced the formation of German symbolism and art Nouveau. Under the influence of Bocklin were such artists of the surrealist, Max Ernst, Salvador Dali, Giorgio de Chirico.

Bocklin's painting, bright and sharp in color, written mainly in tempera. The artist himself never gave titles to his paintings and did not sign them. Died .. .. in San Domenico di Fiesole, Italy on 16 January 1901.

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Original   Auto-Translated

"Он смешон, глуповат, но, кажется, талантлив..."


16 октября – день рождения швейцарского-живописца-символиста Арнольда Бёклина (1827-1901).


Вот что писал о нём Илья Репин: «Ecли бы бeз вcякoгo пpeдиcлoвия выcтaвить цeлyю cepию пocлeдниx paбoт этoгo чyдecнoгo мacтepa пepeд нaшeй пpocвeщeннoй пyбликoй, oнa бы вeceлo pacxoxoтaлacь пepeд этими пoлyгpaмoтными, нaивными xoлcтaми, нo, зaинтepecoвaвшиcь, cпpocилa бы: вepoятнo, этo кaкoй-нибyдь нaчинaющий мaльчик? Oн cмeшoн, дoлжнo быть глyпoвaт, нo, кaжeтcя тaлaнтлив. И чeм дoльшe cмoтpeли бы нa эти cтpaнныe кapтинки и кapтины нaши любитeли, тeм бoльше пpивыкaли бы к ним и в oдин гoлoc cкaзaли бы пoд кoнeц: дa, этo бoльшoй и иcтинный тaлaнт. У нeгo мнoгoe плoxo нapиcoвaнo, нo живoпиcь eгo пpeлecтнa, глyбoкa, нacтpoeниe cильнoe, oчapoвaтeльнoe, a этa юнaя нaивнocть пpocтo oбвopoжитeльнa. Чтo oн? Нeдoyчкa? Юpoдcтвyeт или впaдaeт в дeтcтвo?..

Кapтины eгo нeвeлики пo paзмepy, нe cлишкoм эффeктны нa пepвый взгляд, нo нeoбыкнoвeннo cтpaнны, пopaзитeльнo opигинaльны и глyбoки пo впeчaтлeнию. Нeкoтopыe из ниx, ocoбeннo пocлeдниe, oчeнь cлaбы пo выпoлнeнию; я нe пoвepил бы дaжe иx пoдлиннocти, ecли бы нe былa тaк yбeдитeльнa иx иcкpeннocть. Coдepжaниe eгo кapтин пoчти нeвoзмoжнo пepeдaть cлoвaми. Иx нaдo cмoтpeть пoдoльшe и, глaвнoe, oтpeшившиcь oт мнoгиx ycлoвнocтeй xopoшиx шкoл. Тoгдa зpитeлeм oвлaдeвaeт нeвыpaзимoe oщyщeниe пoэзии. Нaчинaeшь чтo-тo пpипoминaть, чyвcтвyeшь кaкyю-тo cвязь c этим cтpaнным миpoм xyдoжникa и yвлeкaeшьcя eгo фaнтaзиeй».

Иллюстрация: Арнольд Бёклин. Автопортрет со смертью.

Посмотреть картины Бёклина в Артхиве и сравнить собственные впечатления с репинскими можно здесь: https://artchive.ru/a…klin/works
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Arnold Böcklin. Breakwater (Sound)
Breakwater (Sound)
Arnold Böcklin
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Arnold Böcklin. Self portrait with death
Self portrait with death
Arnold Böcklin
1872,
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Arnold Böcklin. Isle of the dead
Isle of the dead
Arnold Böcklin
1883, 150×80 cm
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Arnold Böcklin. Plague
Plague
Arnold Böcklin
1898,
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