Ren
Renfa

China • 1255−1327

Biography and information

The artist came from County Pisani (Prov. Jiangsu). Later his family moved to SONGJIANG, near Shanghai. Daughter Jen Geneva married an official of Central Asian origin, belonging to the family of canley. This family actively helped the establishment of the new Mongolian administration in China. Education Ren Jenifa was an engineer, hydraulic engineer, Mongolian administration he held the post of Deputy inspector General of irrigation facilities. He participated in the hydraulic arrangement of rivers SONGJIANG in Shanghai, rivers Tankhoy to Beijing, and even left a treatise on hydraulic engineering.

At leisure Ren Jenifa studied painting, and this activity made him famous in the history more than the arrangement of the rivers of China. Traditionally it is believed that he was a master of images of horses. "Horse portrait" has existed in Chinese painting since ancient times, the coryphaeus of this genre is considered to be living in the era of the Tang painter Han Gan (VIII). With the coming to power of the Mongols, traditionally a horse was not so much a means of transportation as a means of existence, the genre is experiencing a new boom — they successfully engaged the famous master Zhao Manfu. However, the works of Ren Geneva liked the Emperor no less.

Most of the works created by Jen Geneva on this subject, are quite neutral, "Four of a groom and three horses" (the Cleveland Museum of art), "Nine horses" (Kansas city, the Nelson-Atkins Museum), "Horses and grooms" (London, Victoria and albert Museum), the "Bridled horse" (Indianapolis Museum of art), etc., However, the greatest fame brought him the satiric scroll "Skinny and fat horse" (the forbidden city, Beijing).

Contrary to popular belief, he painted not only horses. He also successfully engaged in the genre "flowers-birds" and "painting figures". Of the total created in the genre of "painting figures" (not counting the grooms near the horses) have survived only one work — "Zhang to the reception of the Emperor Menhuan" (the forbidden city, Beijing). Zhang Guo was a Taoist magician, who flew great distances on a magic mule. Stopping for the night, Zhang Guo folded his mule as a piece of paper, and put it in the case for caps. If necessary, return the mule to life, Presnov it with a water mouth. The picture Ren Jenifa depicted the moment of a demonstration by Zhang Guo their magical abilities tascosa Minhwan Emperor(Xuan Zong, 712-756 rules in gg). The old magician with a sly smile watching as the boy released the magic mule, flying to the Emperor. Minhwan excitement, leaned forward, and the court, observing the situation, from surprise opened his mouth. The picture Ren Jenifa the style is close song dynasty painting, there is no archaisms, which is so fond of his contemporary Zhao Manfu. However, all the other works by the artist close to the "song dynasty realism".


Ren Geneva was not so big artist to create a new style or a new direction in painting. He became famous in history primarily as the author of the satirical scroll "Skinny and fat horse".