China • 1290−1343

Biography and information

Ke Csuci was a scholar-official who served at the Mongol court, and like many educated Chinese administrators at leisure, wrote poetry, painted landscapes, and was engaged in calligraphy. However, most known for his monochrome paintings with images of bamboo. Among poetic works of Ke Csuci released "the Collection is a Tribute to Susana" (one of his aliases).

Ke was born in Xianju (now Zhejiang) into a family of Ke Qian, who was an officer at three yuan emperors, rising to the post of Director of Confucian studies in the provincial government Znanja (the same post with 1299 for 1309гг took Zhao Manfu). Most likely, Ke Csuci got in the circle of friends Zhao Manfu through the knowledge of the father with this outstanding yuan artist and administrator. In the future, Zhao Manfu made up the patronage of the Se and patronized him. In 1319, together with Joo Dejudom young scientist-the southerner arrived in the capital of the Empire Dadu for admission to service in the administration of Emperor Jen-Tsung (Urbanised; 1311-1320).

Soon after came to power, Emperor Wen-Tsung (Tight-Temur;1328-29) Ke Csuci was offered a position in his administration, and after a while he led the new institution of the yuan, Kaijage (Pavilion of the Star of Literature). This new Institute was established by the Emperor for the introduction of Chinese culture in the environment of the court nobility, most of which were non-Chinese origin. In 1330 CE became the official expert-appraiser of the Imperial art collection. Close link of Ke Csuci with the Emperor Wen-Tsung caused the jealousy to a single employee censorate, who concocted the charges to expel the CE from office. As a precaution, Wen-Tsung Ke sent from the capital to provincial office, but the Emperor died before the appointment was fulfilled. In the end, Se decided to leave the service in the capital, returned to his South, where he devoted himself exclusively to the art and communication in the company of the best painters and calligraphers of his time.

Among the heritage left by this multi-talented administrator, a special place is the poem "Gonzy" (Palace poem) that describes court life, the rituals and ceremonies in such a way that the Emperor Wen Tsung appears in her an enlightened monarch-a Confucian, i.e. written to glorify the Emperor. It was created in 1329-30es and probably was altered by the author after Ke went to the South. The poem consists of five parts. The first "Verses the Top of the Metropolitan Palace" describes the delights and luxury of the Imperial summer residence in shangdu, Xanadu (Ksanadu) and includes the ritual treatment Wen-Tsung for the rich autumn harvest, (which focused on the Emperor's attention to the needs of its Chinese subjects). The other two parts "Response to the Imperial request: Two verses on the outskirts of the sacrifice" celebrates Wen-Tsung as a member of the sacrifices committed for the sake of human well-being. The other "Two Palace poem" dedicated to the events associated with the Imperial anniversary, and describe the gifts that made the Emperor his aunt, Princess Senga. The text of the poem is kept in the Princeton art Museum. His calligraphy shows influences of the style of Wang Xizhi, the calligraphy which he studied TBE Csuci.