The son of Napoleonic grenadier. Even on a school bench showed a passion for drawing; in the last years of the first empire he served as a scribe, but after the restoration of the Bourbons he was dismissed for Bonapartism.
In 1817 he entered into the apprenticeship of the famous battalist, Baron Gro. At the beginning of his artistic career, he painted with oil paints, painted and lithographed types of Napoleonic soldiers and scenes of their everyday life, but then he began to take stories from the lower class as well - to depict market traders, workers, street boys, loitering, etc.
In 1820, together with Gericault traveled to London.
Exhibited in the Salon since 1836.
Charlotte’s lithographs, remarkable for the character of the figures presented in them, for the truthfulness and vitality of their content, good-natured and humorous, diverged in a huge number of copies in all layers of French society and brought the artist the same popularity as Beranger’s songs to the author-poet. These are not just works of art, but also documents that clearly acquaint themselves with the French folk life of the first half of the 19th century.
Numerous watercolors by Charleet are equally curious.