Born in a village near Arkhangelsk in a roofer family. After graduating from five classes of a rural school, he was a student in an art workshop in St. Petersburg, and then in the icon painting workshop of the Solovetsky Monastery. He painted for orders signs and paintings in Arkhangelsk, in 1920 he headed the art and industrial workshop. In 1923-1938 he worked in the police, later the head of the local museum and club. He participated in exhibitions since 1920. Tretyakov's favorite topics are the nature of the North, festivities, events of the revolution and civil war.