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Ivanovich Belyakov


Biography and information

Production designer, director, animator. Soviet documentary cinematographer. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1950). Member of the USSR Investigative Committee since 1957. Laureate of four Stalin Prizes of the second degree (1942, 1943, 1948, 1950).
Born on June 14 (26), 1897 in Moscow, Moscow district. Participated in the First World War as a volunteer for the 7th squad. In 1918, after demobilization, he designed costumes and props at the opera theater, acted as extras in films. He started working in cinema in 1919 as a graphic artist. In 1922 he graduated from the 1st State School of Cinematography (1919 - 1922) in the class of Vladimir Gardin. Films, shot by II Belyakov in 1918-1924, were included in the first Soviet newsreels "Kinonedelya", "Kinopravda", "Kinokalendar". He worked under the direction of D. Vertov in the Kinoki association. I.I.Belyakov conducted practically all synchronous filming of I.V. Stalin. In 1923-1926 he worked at Goskino as an animator and operator-animator of the first Soviet cartoons, then as a chronicle operator. In 1922 - 1925. - worked as a graphic artist (specialized in the production of inscriptions for films), animator at the Moscow Film Factory "Goskino", the film factory "Kultkino". In 1922 he joined the group of documentary innovators - "kinoki" ("Kino-eye" is more perfect than the human eye), formed in 1919 by film director Dziga Vertov with the aim of finding new ways in art, new methods of documentary shooting. Initially, I.I.Belyakov performed the duties of a graphic artist and animator. The group also included: cameramen Mikhail Kaufman, Grigory Lemberg, Nikolai Konstantinov, BF Kudinov, Pyotr Zotov, film intelligence officer Ilya Kopalin, theater and film designer, photographer Alexander Rodchenko, animator Alexander Bushkin, editor Elizaveta Svilova and others. In 1931 - 1932. filmed (together with Mikhail Oshurkov and Roman Carmen) the writer A.M. Gorky (synchronous shooting). Front-line cameraman during the Great Patriotic War. November 1941 - included in the film group of the Western Front; In June 1942 - included in the film group for special assignments of the Main Directorate for the production of documentary films of the Committee for Cinematography; From August 17, 1943 - in the air defense film group. From 1923 to 1962 - cameraman, director of the Moscow Film Factory "Goskino" / Moscow Factory "Soyuzkinohronika" / Central Studio of Newsreels (since 1944 - Central Studio of Documentary Films). Filmed subjects for the chronicle and newsreels, including: "Kinopravda", "Goskinokalendar", "Sovkinozhurnal", "Science and Technology", "On the Guard of the USSR", "Combat Film Collection" ), "To defend native Moscow" (Central Newsreel Studio), "Leningrad Newsreel Studio" (Leningrad Newsreel Studio), "Soyuzkinozhurnal", "News of the Day", "Soviet Sport", "Pioneer". For front-line shooting in 1942 for the Soyuzkinozhurnal magazine - the Stalin Prize (1943). The master's work is characterized by a high visual culture, expressiveness of the composition of the frame. He died on January 21, 1967 in Moscow.
Filmography: 1926 - Step, Council!; Mostorg; The sixth part of the world; Peterhof fountains; 1927 - Oil; 1928 - Country Nakhkhoy ("Chechnya"); Gates of the Caucasus; 1930 - 13 days (process of the industrial party) (directed by I.M. Poselsky); 1931 - Olympiad of Arts; One of many; 1934 - Youth Parade; 1935 - Life Returned; 1936 - For Abundance; 1937 - President's Day ("Kalinin"); JV Stalin's report at the VIII Extraordinary Congress of Soviets; Comrade Stalin's speech; Sergo Ordzhonikidze; In memory of the great poet; 1940 - Circus; 1941 - Our Moscow; All forces to defeat the enemy; 1942 - The defeat of the German troops near Moscow; 1943 - Trophies of the great battles; 1944 - German prisoners of war in Moscow; 1945 - Crimean conference; Victory Parade; 1947 - All-Union Parade of Athletes in 1947; 1948 - Day of the Air Fleet of the USSR; 1949 - May 1, 1949; 1950 - Women in the Struggle for Peace; 1953 - Great Farewell; 1959 - Cotton growers of Uzbekistan
Recognition and awards: Stalin Prize of the second degree (1942) - for the film "Our Moscow" (1941); Stalin Prize of the second degree (1943) - for front-line shooting for "Soyuzkinozhurnalov" in 1942; Order of Lenin (1948); Stalin Prize second degree (1948) - for the film "All-Union Parade of Athletes in 1947" (1948); Stalin Prize of the second degree (1950) - for the film "May 1, 1949" (1949); Honored Art Worker of the RSFSR (1950); Order of Lenin (15.9 .1948); Order of the Badge of Honor.
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