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Alexei
Ivanovich Mishchenko

Moscow 
1907−1981
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Graphic artist, book illustrator, book artist. Honored Worker of Culture of the RSFSR.
He was born on March 30 (April 12), 1907 in Kovno (Kaunas), Lithuania, in a family of teachers. In 1914, with the beginning of the First World War, the family moved to Oryol, where the future artist spent his youth and childhood. He considered Oryol his native land. In 1926, after graduating from a nine-year school and Oryol art studio (now the art school) Mishchenko began working in the newspaper "Oryolskaya Pravda" and other local publications. From 1927 to 1931 he lived and worked in different cities: Simferopol, Sevastopol, Kursk, and again in Orel. At the same time he graduated from the studio of a famous ballet artist N.S. Samokish. In Oryol periodicals during this period of his life he published his drawings, caricatures, cartoons. In 1931 he moved to Moscow, worked in metropolitan publishing houses, including the publishing house and the newspaper "Pravda". In the postwar years Mishchenko is the art editor of the publishing houses "Art", "Young Guard", and the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences. He is the artistic editor of the first volume of the Children's Encyclopedia (Moscow, 1958). In 1957 he began creative work, mainly in the field of small book linocuts. He illustrated more than 50 books, including "Monuments of Literary Moscow", "Lyrics" by M. Y. Lermontov, "Wreath to Nekrasov", "Life and lyre" (Pushkin places of Russia), "Historical places and monuments of Crimea", "Lenin places of Russia", "Yasnaya Polyana" and etc. Alexey Ivanovich was a participant of All-Union, All-Russian and Moscow exhibitions, about two dozens of his personal exhibitions were held in different regions of Russia. He was the author of three collections of postcards, many ex-libris for libraries and literary museums. Mishchenko was engaged in extensive public work: for the last twenty years he was Dean of the Department of Artists of the University of Work Correspondents, headed the Graphic Arts Studio, was a board member of the Section of Press Artists of the Moscow Organization of the Union of Journalists of the USSR. In 1972 he was awarded the title "Honored Worker of Culture of the RSFSR". Alexei Ivanovich died on October 15, 1981 in Moscow.

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