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Portrait Of Elizaveta Romanovna Vorontsova

Painting, 1762

Description of the artwork «Portrait Of Elizaveta Romanovna Vorontsova»

In the collections of the State Historical Museum has suffered badly from time and generally unremarkable portrait of a woman. His glazes (colorful layers) are considerably damaged, for which reason the portrait is blurred, and the signature, which could indicate the authorship is missing.

It is believed that its author is famous in the middle of the XVIII century Alexey Antropov, as depicted in the portrait Elizaveta Romanovna Vorontsova.

Two daughters of the count and the General-in-chief of the Roman Vorontsov went down in history – eldest Elizabeth (b. in 1739) and the younger Catherine (b .in 1743). Early deprived of his mother, both will be determined by the Empress Elizabeth in the lady-in-waiting to the wife of her nephew Peter III, the Grand Duchess Catherine Alexeevna. Junior Vorontsova, Dashkova married will become a companion and friend of the future Catherine II, one of the most educated women of her time and will lead the St. Petersburg Imperial Academy of Sciences (her best portraits belong to the brush of the pupil Antropov – Dmitry Levitsky). But the older, by contrast, will cause Catherine's disgust.

Preserved verbal description of the appearance of Elizabeth Romanovna Vorontsova much brighter and more eloquent than antropovo portrait. "It's hard to imagine a woman ugly to her, she looks like a tavern maid!" – said the French Ambassador Breteuil. He was echoed by another envoy, Favier: "It's an outrage Vorontsova was unbearable and bathed nor good Constitution, nor whiteness of the skin". The Empress Catherine will highlight in the memoirs of uncleanliness Elizabeth Vorontsova and paint, as after an illness, her face was pitted not just ospinki real scars.

However, the disgust of Catherine can understand, because it is in the "shirokoro" Elizabeth Vorontsov fell in love with her husband, Grand Duke Peter Fedorovich. Their relationship for anybody was not secret: Vorontsov was listed as "maitresse EN titre", the heir to the throne adored her and affectionately called "Romanovna". The Empress Elizabeth has remained deaf to the humiliations carried in this marriage, Catherine a: link, a nephew with an awkward Vorontsova her rather amused, she indulged the mistress and called her "Madame Pompadour".

Inheriting the Russian throne, Peter III immediately put Vorontsov in with its neighboring chambers of the Winter Palace and Catherine put on her tape – sign cameras-ladies (with this sign Vorontsov portrayed Antropov). He even planned to marry Elizabeth, and lawful wife to put on the good monarsheskie tradition, the monastery. However, Catherine was intelligent and far-sighted. In just six months, Peter III lose not only the throne, but also of life.

Elizabeth Vorontsova, contrary to expectations, was not subjected to reprisals. It was removed from the yard, but then quite happily married to councillor of state Alexander Polyansky, the youngest of the sons from this marriage Catherine even baptized.

Antropov portrayed Elizabeth Vorontsov frozen in a strange position (like leaning back), with a short neck, dressed in a blue dress with lace, appropriate fashion Rococo (it just introduced Madame Pompadour only real, French), and – in spite of the merciless words of his contemporaries – quite pretty.

Author: Anna Yesterday
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About the artwork

Art form: Painting

Subject and objects: Portrait

Technique: Oil

Materials: Canvas

Date of creation: 1762

Artwork in selections: 4 selections