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Landscape Artists And Their Masterpieces

The notion of "landscape" is not only the generally accepted interpretation of a genre of painting, which states: a landscape is the image of nature in its original or changed form. It is also a set of feelings, emotions and images, transferred by the artist to the canvas and complementing the documentary reflection of their environment. Viewers get to see not only a canvas with views of nature painted on it – they also delve into the inner world of the painter and get the opportunity to experience the peculiarities of the then worldview.

For the most part, paintings by landscape artists who worked in different epochs met the needs of society. However, there are a lot of paintings, the authors of which decided to stand up to the trends prevailing in art of their time. The public, used to certain artistic techniques, took a poor view of such works: for example, the first Impressionists had to organize an independent exhibition of their works, because the Paris Salon refused to accept them, and the press was full of critics' mocking articles. Among famous artists who were harshly criticized by their contemporaries, was William Turner: the public was annoyed by his paintings of nature, created in the late period of his work.

The genre of landscape painting has evolved over the centuries, from vague blurry forms that served as the background to the main characters and modern classification: cityscapes, seascapes, rural landscapes, steppe landscapes, mountain landscapes, river landscapes and even the sky ones. Something that previously acted as an optional decoration has become the main subject of the image.

For landscape painters, it was important not only to transfer the realistic view that appeared before them to the canvas, but also to convey the relationship between nature and man. Each master used their own techniques: for example, in Giorgione’s painting The Tempest, storm clouds split by a flash of lightning set an ominous tone for the whole plot. Similar clouds can be seen in such landscapes: View of Toledo by El Greco, The Watering Place by Fragonard, The Little Street by Vermeer and others.

And while the landscapes of such Dutch artists as Bruegel the Elder and Vermeer van Delft are notable for the limited number of colors used and emotions conveyed, paintings by Rubens (Landscape with a Rainbow), François Boucher (Morning) and Joseph Vernet (The Waterfalls at Tivoli) are filled with bright colors and life. The genre of landscape painting was also tried out by the cubists (Picasso, Delaunay, Braque), surrealists (Dalí ) and abstractionists (Frankenthaler), who depicted nature in their own way.

Speaking about the paintings of nature by famous artists, we should also mention Russian masters of the genre – such as Isaac Levitan, Ivan Aivazovsky, Valentin Serov, Ivan Shishkin, Alexei Savrasov, Arkhip Kuindzhi, Nikolai Ge, and Kazimir Malevich. Their works, which depict the nature of Russia, create a unique mood and invite you to enjoy the unhurried flow of thoughts.

You can take a closer look at the paintings of nature by famous artists, by checking out our selection. Here you will find both world masterpieces and little-known works of artists from different eras.
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