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Famous Paintings of Abstractionism

Non-figurative or abstract art is an artistic movement in visual art, which arose in the early 20th century. One of the main driving ideas of abstract art is to deny lifelike images, in other words, to reject depicting anything that surrounds us in real life. The formation of abstractionism as the phenomenon of world art was deeply influenced by Russian abstract artists, such as Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, as well as Dutch painter Piet Mondrian, the Czech painter František Kupka and the French artist Robert Delaunay. The main purpose of abstract art was the harmonization of abstract images, and the basic visual tools were all sorts of abstract geometric shape pieces and colour combinations. With their help, abstract painters created designs to create certain associations in the audience’s imagination.

Abstract Painters

The Dutch abstract artist Piet Mondrian got into painting at a young age and was educated at the Amsterdam School of the Arts. Initially, he was much influenced by French Impressionism. After visiting the cubist exhibition, Mondrian was so impressed by their ideas that he left the Netherlands and moved to Paris, where he learned all the tricks of this style. Soon he completely refused the traditional techniques of the fine art and became one of the creators of the new style called neoplasticism. Mondrian used a limited number of colours and shades, and used rigid lines to create asymmetrical compositions, striving to achieve their certain equilibrium. According to the painter, his main goal was to create a “clear plastic reality”. His most famous abstract paintings include Dune in Zeeland, Broadway Boogie-Woogie, Still Life With Ginger Pot, Place de la Concorde, Diamond Composition in Red, Yellow and Blue.

The outstanding Russian abstract artist Wassily Kandinsky is one of the generally recognized ideologists and founders of abstract art. He started painting in adulthood and immediately showed such “inappropriate” qualities as free handling the shapes, composition, as well as the colour scheme he used. The most fruitful years in his works were those he spent in Munich and Paris. Kandinsky organized several abstract art organizations (“The Phalanx”, “The Blue Rider”) and he also became a founder of his own art school. During the years spent in Germany, Kandinsky created several hundreds of paintings and watercolours, but, unfortunately, when the Nazis came to power, many of them were lost or destroyed. His most famous abstract paintings: Small worlds, Improvisation, Orange and Purple, Fragile, Surfaces meeting and others.

The abstract artist František Kupka was born in the Czech Republic, in the years of Austro-Hungarian empire. Kupka received his artistic education at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, but the significant part of his life he spent in France. Kupka worked as an illustrator of books and as a cartoonist in periodicals. The invention of his own theory “Creation in the Plastic Arts”, in which he theoretically substantiated the ideas of abstract art, was an important stage in painter’s life. Among his abstract pieces of art, the most famous are Discs of Newton, Vertical Planes, Nocturne, Music, a series of paintings called Vertical And Horizontal Planes and others.
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