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The Saint-Lazare station in Paris arrival of a train

Painting, 1877, 81.9×101 cm

Description of the artwork «The Saint-Lazare station in Paris arrival of a train»

Monet was born in 1840 and only two years after his birth in France was allowed by law, the construction of the passenger railway. The government issues a Charter and concludes contracts with various companies for the implementation of the main building of the XIX century. By 1914 the Railways of France became one of the most developed in the world, and the length of track amounted to 60 thousand kilometers. It was a coup, to set a whole new pace of life, opening new view of the world.

Somewhere in the middle of this rapid development of the railway, in 1877, for the 37-year-old Claude Monet train became a new obsession. And in the fine arts of France opened a new, bold and obviously doomed to misunderstanding by his contemporaries, theme. Industrial landscapes by Monet angered critics to the teeth gnashing, they excitedly excelled in the pejorative characteristics. In the pages of "Figaro" appeared, for example, this passage: "In General, Claude Monet was able to accurately convey the very unpleasant impression on us simultaneous whistles of several locomotives".

This year, the artist rented a small Studio near the Gare Saint-Lazare in Paris, where he hid from the creditors a part of his paintings. View smokestack locomotives captures so much of Claude Monet, he decided on a new series – this time in the heart of the modern city. But writing from memory, Monet are not used to.

The son of Jean Renoir in the book dedicated to his father and his entourage, recalls how Claude Monet set up a shop right at the train station. "They'll have to delay the Rouen train: lighting much better half an hour after departure", – the artist has decided. Next – matter of technology. Monet put on my best suit, shirt with lace cuffs and went to conquer my new plein air. Playing elegant walking stick, he announced to the Director: "I'm the artist Claude Monet. I decided to write to your station! Hesitated which of the two stations to choose – North or yours, but finally settled on your – it is more typical!" Anyone who saw him then thought he was having a huge credit to the station and personally to the Director. Monet for delayed trains, clean platforms, was filled with the desired amount of smoke at the right time of day. The outcome of this presentation was the 12 paintings (see the whole series), which were immediately bought by art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel: that was an amazingly shrewd connoisseur of art and bought Monet paintings for several decades before they began to bring money and fame.

Author: Anna Sidelnikova
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About the artwork

Art form: Painting

Subject and objects: Urban landscape

Style of art: Impressionism

Technique: Oil

Materials: Canvas

Date of creation: 1877

Size: 81.9×101 cm

Artwork in selections: 138 selections

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