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Railroad

Painting, 1873, 93×114 cm

Description of the artwork «Railroad»

Hard to find in decently dressed lady with the baby the most controversial model, who posed for Edouard Manet Olympiaand "Breakfast on the grass". Except direct the caller look it gives. But that's really it, Quiz Meran.

Quiz Meran returned unexpectedly. 6 years on it, there was nothing heard, no one knew where she disappeared. Said that all these years, my favorite model of Manet lived in America. Throw her in Paris had nothing to be sorry about, too: poverty, dreams of acting glory, guitar and a few artists who are willing to pay for what she undresses in their workshops. So the Quiz got a whiff of the ocean, without hesitation, for some passionate fatal love. And came back again agreed to pose for Manet. However, warned that this time she has very different plans, posing as an old friend and sincere affection of heart, but is already preparing the first picture to the Salon and also, Yes, to be an artist.

In "the railroad," she finally decently dressed and generally just wearing. Instead of the ill-fated black cat, which has caused outrage among critics and viewers, Manet returns on her lap, peacefully sleeping puppy. The dog, symbol of loyalty and fidelity, slept on the bed Titian "Venus of Urbino" and was ruthlessly replaced by the "Olympia" Manet on the back there is a black kitten hissing. The cat is outrageous, the embodiment variation, lust, witch nature, and, finally, wickedness, she stood at the feet of the Nude Olympia and hissed at the audience.

The picture was taken in the Salon in 1874, the same year when in the Studio of the photographer Nadar took the first impressionist exhibition. In "the railroad" everything was decent and nothing is forced down the viewer with godly thoughts. But Manet was laughing again.

The modern viewer to understand what's funny seen a cartoonist or a coffee critic in this picture. Their frustrating absolute messagetest and literaturnosti depicted: whether a portrait, or genre scenes, the railroad, and trains are seen. Looking at the shop signs from a passing carriage, not a woman with a child. Said pattern schematic, and the prospect of mediocre distorted, the front space as if someone squeezed and slammed into the iron bars of the fence.

This is the last picture for which a Quiz Meran posed for Manet. Then it took a few times in the Cabin, and then stopped, later she took to drinking, went to live with a young model, played guitar at the entrance to a Parisian cafe, they sold pictures of their drunken visitors. And after the death of Manet wrote a letter to his widow, which was asked to give her a percentage of sales paintings with her image. Claimed that Edward promised her to share, when finally will be glorified and begin to earn. It is not known what was the reaction of Madame Manet on a letter Quiz. It is only known that in 1898, the railroad was sold for 100 thousand francs to the American, Henry Osborn Havemeyer, belonged to his descendants until 1956 and was donated to the National gallery of art, Washington.

Author: Anna Sidelnikova
from 1450 rub
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About the artwork

Art form: Painting

Subject and objects: Portrait

Style of art: Impressionism

Technique: Oil

Materials: Canvas

Date of creation: 1873

Size: 93×114 cm

Artwork in selections: 46 selections

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