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One of the brightest and most popular directions of modernism

Avant-garde is how modern art critics refer the general trend of new artistic directions that arose in world art at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries. A very thin line separates it from the concept of “modernism”. Read more The art movement developed in the first quarter of the 20th century, mainly in Italy and Russia. Some ironically called it scandalous cubism. The founding fathers urged to stop adoring the art of the past, and to exalt the industrial spirit of the future: to draw airplanes, cars, metal bridges, steamers and other achievements of the progress. Read more Cubism (fr. cubisme) is a recognizable art movement that originated at the beginning of the 20th century, and many of its techniques are still in demand. Its distinctive features are the direct use of geometric shapes, a narrow circle of subjects (portraits, still lifes or buildings), deformation, angularity, complete lack of realism. In Cubism, shape is more important than colour. Read more
(fr. cubisme) is a recognizable art movement that originated at the beginning of the 20th century, and many of its techniques are still in demand. Its distinctive features are the direct use of geometric shapes, a narrow circle of subjects (portraits, still lifes or buildings), deformation, angularity, complete lack of realism. In Cubism, shape is more important than colour.
Pablo Picasso. Harlequin

Faces, figures and objects are often depicted as flat rectangles or triangles, there is an asymmetry, implausibility. The palette is subdued, brown and dark blue tones prevail, the rules of perspective and chiaroscuro are not taken into account. All objects on the canvas seem to be composed of geometric shapes. In portraits, face images are often shown in profile and face at the same time. Sometimes, in search of new means of expression, the artists addressed to collage: they glued pieces of newspapers, fabrics and other bright textured materials onto their canvases. Later, this technique was picked up by the Dadaists and the representatives of Pop Art.

In painting, three phases of cubism can be distinguished: Cézannesque, analytical and synthetic. Each subsequent phase had less realism and more geometry.

Futurists adopted some cubist tricks. They both are easy to distinguish by their subject: the futurists proclaimed technical progress while the cubists did not do that.
Pablo Picasso. Cubist person

Picasso became the most expensive, demanded and efficient cubist artist. His painting "Nude, Green Leaves and Bust" is estimated at 155 million US dollars. Cubist paintings are the number one among the art thieves. The volume of the official sales of cubist works exceeds 270 million.