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Inlay

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Inlay (also known as incrustation, from lat. incrustatio — "covering with bark") is decorating objects and buildings with stones, wood, ceramics and metal. In this way, buildings and sculptures were first decorated. This technique appeared in the Ancient East, it also includes intarsia — wood inlay on wood, marquetry — inlay with thin wood, veneer, scurf — inlay with metal on a metal surface.
Inlay
This technique reached its heyday during the Italian Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
, when craftsmen inlaid church utensils and wooden furniture.

Today, the so-called Florentine mosaic
Mosaic (fr. mosaïque — something dedicated to the muses) is a type of monumental and decorative applied art, which involves creating an image by connecting and fixing coloured stones, fragments of tiles or smalt on a certain surface. There are Roman, Florentine and Byzantine mosaics. Read more
is also very popular. It means purfling of furniture pieces with coloured stones.