Germany • 1883−1970

Biography and information

Erich Heckel (German Erich Heckel; July 31, 1883, Dobeln, Saxony - January 27, 1970, Hemmenhofen, Germany) - German expressionist, masterly engraver, one of the founders of the artistic association “Most”, in which in addition to his ideological and creative participation, he also performed the irreplaceable work of a secretary and accountant. The entire First World War, being unfit for service, took out the wounded as part of the sanitary brigade. He lived an unusually long, evenly creative and balanced life, taught, arranged exhibitions, traveled - a great success for a German artist in the first half of the twentieth century.

Features of the artist Erich Heckel: Heckel's work is clearly divided into periods separated by global upheavals - two world wars. Exotic, provocative, erotic, barbaric, wild, bright painting - in the period before the First World War: with beaches, nudes of friends and models. At the same time - experiments with wood engraving, in which angular, rough material properties are used, in which uniform color spots form flat, sharp images. Depressed, heavy, broken painting - in the postwar period. And gradually brightening, sunny, deserted world - in the pictures, painted in a time of peace, filled with hope. After World War II, Heckel returns to the engraving: now it’s landscapes, soft, detailed portraits and book illustrations.

Famous paintings by Erich Heckel: "Brickworks", "Portrait of a man", "Girl with a doll (France)", "Glass Day", "Scene by the sea", "Bathers among the reeds".

Author: Anna Sidelnikova