Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel
(German Ernst Heinrich Philipp August Haeckel; February 16, 1834, Potsdam - August 9, 1919, Jena) - German natural scientist, philosopher and artist, whose artwork had a grand impact on the history of art, as scientific discoveries - on the history of science .
Haeckel studied for a long time and received a medical degree, but he never practiced medicine - he bought a microscope. It was a powerful optical device that allowed studying the structure of even single-celled creatures. This Haeckel took up. Expeditions to the shores of Sicily, Egypt, Algeria, Italy, Madeira and Tenerife. More than 50 years of teaching at Yale University. Several scientific awards and dozens of books.
Haeckel's strongest passion was plankton: a scientist who, when he was young, seriously contemplated whether to become a landscape painter, he suddenly finds in natural organisms the contemporary beauty of form. He makes drawings and watercolor sketches of the detected rhythmic perfection, and in the process he discovers 120 new types of radiolarians, unicellular plankton oragisms.
Over the course of 5 years, Haeckel released 10 albums with drawings titled “The Beauty of Forms in Nature”: jellyfish, sea anemones, radiolarians, fish, raki, lizards, spiders and other creatures, many of which Haeckel was the first to discover and describe. Their images are collected in fancy, harmonious, flawless combinations. These books, designed, unlike most scientific papers, for the general reader, were published and reprinted all over the world and are being republished until now.Features creativity Ernst Haeckel
: the bizarre forms that Haeckel discovered in nature and so skillfully captured, turned out to be more inventive and virtuoso than any human fantasy. Resembling a plan of an architectural structure or a rhythmic ornament, cosmic elements or fantastic monsters, these works inspired several generations of artists, sculptors and even architects. The scientific accuracy and the scrupulousness of the images makes these drawings and watercolors almost frightening, at least, unearthly.Famous works of Ernst Haeckel
: "Six-ray corals