Francisco José de Goya (1746-1828) is one of the most important Spanish artists of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, famous for his revolutionary paintings, drawings and engravings. Goya's life and work deeply influenced Salvador Dali in his early years, and many scholars consider him to be the basis for "modern" art, combining classicism and romanticism.
"Los Caprichos" (1799) - one of Goya's most famous works - a series of 80 satirical engravings exploring his visions of the superstitions and social ills of his time. Goya sought to illustrate "the innumerable flaws and recklessness that can be found in any civilized society, and from the general prejudices and deceitful practices that custom, ignorance or personal interest have made common." Sorcery and other superstitious beliefs were the predominant subject in this series — it meant mocking and criticizing the arrogance of a noble class and the distortion of human virtue.