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Exhibition October 28, 2017 − January 7, 2018

Mystical symbolism. The Salon Of The Rose + Cross

While the two Fields cézanne and Gauguin wrote in Provence apples and mountains, artists in Paris, inspired by the eccentric writer, occultist (and a charlatan) Joseph Paladina, appealed to religious fantasies. The basic idea of "Salon of the Rose cross" (Salon de la Rose + Croix) by Peladona was the promotion of the doctrines of the Rosicrucian Order is an esoteric fraternity, and religious sects. Works which were displayed there, are now represented in the Peggy Guggenheim Collection in Venice at the exhibition "Mystical symbolism. The Salon Of The Rose + Cross".

Orfei a sad, pale, fatal women, Virgo in the desert, whose translucent silhouettes bordered by soft, airy strokes are the main themes of European and American artists, exhibited at the Salon from 1892 to 1897. The painters had to obey strict rules: no still lifes or landscapes — only art in the service of the Divine. Joseph Peladan preferred the mysterious and mystical symbolism — a literary and artistic movement, popular in the 1890-ies. It was rejected secular Outlook, scientific theory and realistic aesthetics, established in the nineteenth century, to the spiritual, imaginary and stylized.

Artists adhered to different ideologies, but their style in some way similar. It is visually characterized by sinuous lines, elongated bodies and flattened forms. Paintings are full of allegories, allusions to literary, mystical, or religious subjects, are full of secret symbols, ethereal women, androgyny and monsters. The authors gravitated toward the stories about the Greek mythological poet Orpheus, the principles of the early Italian Renaissance, the narratives of the New Testament, as well as the types of the femme fatale (fatal woman) and femme fragile (fragile woman).