The exposition acquaints viewers with the "immortal" work of representatives of a diverse group of French painters - Claude Monet, Pierre Auguste Renoir, Paul Cézanne, Pierre Bonnard, Paul Signac and others.
French painting of the 19th century was distinguished by its diversity, innovation and fruitful work of its authors. Revolutions in industry and politics led to the rapid growth of Paris and a class known as the high bourgeoisie. The cold neoclassical style and systematic aristocratic themes of the Academy have been challenged over and over again. First came the rebellious individualism of romantic artists who traveled across North Africa and the Middle East in search of new themes and landscapes. Then the realist painters, led by Courbet, also freed art from the confines of the studio, deciding to depict the French countryside and the daily life of the village people. Corot and the artists of the Barbizon School worked in the open air, creating smaller landscapes, more gloomy and melancholic. Symbolists like Moreau stayed in their Parisian workshops and painted personal visions that combined classical mythology and Gothic aesthetics with a religious, almost surreal sensibility.