The exposition is organized within the framework of the project "Great collections to the people of Nizhny Novgorod", dedicated to the 800th anniversary of Nizhny Novgorod, and also timed to the 125th anniversary of the opening of the NHM and 100th anniversary of the museum collection of avant-garde, most of which was formed in 1921. The exposition comprises 100 works and is symbolic of the date: 100 years of the collection - 100 works. Alongside the Nizhny Novgorod collection, the exhibition also includes 40 works from the collections of five central and regional museums with which the NHM museum has partnership relations: the State Tretyakov Gallery, State Russian Museum, State Museum of Fine Arts of the Tatarstan Republic, the Ekaterinburg Museum of Fine Arts, the Samara Regional Museum of Art.
The collection of works by Russian avant-gardists represented by the NHMH is widely known in Russia and abroad: the museum is a permanent participant in major Russian and international exhibition projects dedicated to this trend. To date, it includes over 50 works by such world famous masters of the Russian avant-garde as Vasily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, Alexander Rodchenko, Mikhail Larionov, Natalia Goncharova, Olga Rozanova, Lyubov Popova, Pyotr Konchalovsky, Ilya Mashkov, Alexander Kuprin, Aristarkh Lentulov, Vasily Rozhdestvensky, Robert Falk, and others.