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A. S. Pushkin on the act in the Lyceum on 8 January 1815

Painting, 1911, 123×195 cm

Description of the artwork «A. S. Pushkin on the act in the Lyceum on 8 January 1815»

Speaking of the picture Repin "Pushkin in the Lyceum"makes sense to talk just about the two artist's works. In 1910, the 100th anniversary of the Imperial Lyceum in Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum society commissioned artist, the image of Pushkin, reads in the exam in the presence of Derzhavin's "memories of Tsarskoye Selo". To help the artist to recreate the atmosphere, the students staged a re-enactment of the famous exam.

Repin began in a big way. Customers, seeing how the work is going, pretty surprised – they meant a small painting, Repin wrote on a vast canvas measuring 2 x 4 meters. In the end, he wrote for the College community painting "Pushkin on the act in the Lyceum on 8 January 1815" size 123,7 x 195,5 cm It is stored in the all-Russian Pushkin Museum in St. Petersburg (see illustration on this page). And a large canvas with a long name "Alexander Pushkin on the act in the Lyceum Jan 8 1815 reads his poem "Recollections in Tsarskoye Selo"," was shown at one of the exhibitions of the Wanderers. In 1933 the painting was bought by the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk for 120 thousand Czechoslovak crowns. Today she is in Prague.

Recall of the event itself. In 1815 the Lyceum exam on Russian literature was attended by the celebrated poet Gavrila Derzhavin. It was then that he met with the young Pushkin. The painting recreates the atmosphere of the exam, it lasts long and is clearly tired of. And suddenly (as Repin liked to portray the moments, the description of which starts with "suddenly...") in the center is a brisk curly young man, who with fierce passion reads his poetry. Each student poet Ivan Pushchin recalled: "Pushkin read with an extraordinary revival". This revival is noticeable to the naked eye! As well as that revived not only the young reader.

Dozing was Derzhavin got up and with delight, mixed with disbelief, watching the excited young man, fully focused on your reading. Many faces turned in his direction with a smile and interest to listen and frowned at the boy.

The composition of the painting based on classic principles. The main character – Pushkin – located in the right part of the canvas along the line of the Golden section. He stands in an open space, stands out from others especially the lighter shades – a radiant face, white knickers, white buttons on the coat. On the left, a table covered with red cloth, the color of which matches the clothes Derzhavin. Red and white patterns also match the floor covering. Distance from head Derzhavin, the second key character of the picture – to the right edge of the canvas divided into two equal parts by a line of the Golden section, which runs along the figure of the young poet.

The action takes place in a large hall with columns and a portrait of the Emperor in the background. Semicircle, stand and sit the audience – representatives of aristocratic families, ladies in rich attire, white shirt fronts of the gentlemen. Mood pictures – the joy, the delight of youth, inspiration and courage. Examination room illuminated by the sunlight. The figure of the young poet, it seems, shines, it is full of such emotion and passion, so dynamic, that we believe this young man will succeed in everything he tries.

Alena Esaulova
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About the artwork

Art form: Painting

Subject and objects: Historical scene

Style of art: Realism

Technique: Oil

Materials: Canvas

Date of creation: 1911

Size: 123×195 cm

Artwork in selections: 19 selections

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