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Eternal rest

Painting, 1894, 150×206 cm

Description of the artwork «Eternal rest»

Must be the most famous of all painting Levitan, "Eternal rest" and the most unusual: the when of other of his landscapes compatriots my heart aches, this is breathtaking. It's not the lyrical landscape, which is famous Leviathan, but rather the epic drama where the past meets the future, the sky threatens earth, and aspires to eternity.

With a bird's eye view of the vast panorama of nature. The twilight sky swirling silvery-purple clouds. Some of them are already spilled on the horizon with rain, and part is coming, oppressively looms, replacing the Sunny part of the sky. Heavenly confrontation is not duplicated in the lead surface water: scaly ripples across the water of their lives, in their majestic, full of the terrible calm life. And it reinforces the sense of alienation, cosmic indifference of nature. Soaking wet, merging with the horizon of the meadows in the background and the lonely island among the waters, often compared to a human life among "the eternal silence of the infinite spaces" (Pascal), crooked crosses in a graveyard – all the crying about human fragility and homelessness the face of the universe. "Eternity, – wrote Leviathan in the state close to despair, one of his correspondents Elena Karzinkina, – threatening an eternity in which drowned generation and sink more... the horror, the fear..." And yet, "eternal rest" – the picture is not about despair, but about hope: green rock resembles the shape of the ark and in a wooden Church, a glimmer of light.

Archiv gathered interesting facts about the most philosophical of the paintings of Levitan.

"Eternal rest": a geographical incident

There is a persistent misconception that painting "Over eternal peace" was written in the Volga, in Plyos – town, which was indeed the most important location in the work of Levitan and where he created his iconic things – Levitan brought the first great fame "Quiet abode"other "Volga" painting. Until the mid-twentieth century in ples were witnesses who claimed with certainty: they know exactly when and where they were written, "eternal rest". Biographer Levitan Sophia prorokova interviewed in 1950-1960s Pleschanka Molchanov, who said that her father, the priest Paul, gave him the keys of the Church in Plyos and allowed him to climb the bell tower, where de and revealed the extraordinary view of the Volga, which we see in the painting "eternal rest". When the researcher compared the dates, and deadlines, it was found that father-priest in the year of Levitan's paintings were not more than twelve years. The picture has steadily become a myth, and many wanted to be involved in this myth.

So where are all the same created the painting Levitan "eternal rest?"

In fact, "eternal rest" Levitan wrote not on the Volga and on lake Udomlya, near Vyshny Volochok (from a different angle, this impressive body of water can be seen, for example, the painting of Witold Balenicaga-Birulia "The hour of silence. Lake Udomlya"written by a couple destila later Levitan's masterpiece). There, in a country estate of the landowner Nicholas Panafidinain the Tver province, Levitan with Sophia Kuvshinnikovashot of the room, leaving summer on the sketches. The travelers managed to find a majestic view, which struck Levitan so that, preferring usually the more quiet types, themes, intimate, and lyrical landscapes, this time he conceived the thing is almost cosmic and epic sounding. A few days were ready for full-scale drawings (1, 2), Levitan and with great enthusiasm began work on a two-meter canvas in the room panafidina fiefdoms. "The house seemed to be included something more important, the whispering in the corners, even walking have become quieter"– describes a stunning action painting "eternal rest" of the inhabitants of the manor biographer Levitan, Ivan Evdokimov.

The musical subtext of the painting "eternal rest"

Viewers with a strong synesthetically perception of the painting Levitan necessarily cause music Association. If so, it will be interesting to see if the painting was created under the music continually sounding melodic accompaniment. Sofia Petrovna Kuvshinnikova was a born pianist (and although her paintings bought Tretyakovmany believed that her true vocation was not painting, and music). Responsibilities Muse this tireless woman was understood as the selfless assistance and support, and in this case it was masterful, and inventive. Working, Levitan asked her to play – it helped him to get started. And Sofia Petrovna, tirelessly, for hours played on a piano of Beethoven, Chopin, Liszt. She gave his talent a great value – everything was done only to Levitan could do. Work on the painting was moving quickly, Levitan worked the whole day and sometimes all day there was music. Often, while writing the painting "Above the eternal peace" Levitan asked him to play the Heroic Symphony of Beethoven, and a March funebre (Funeral March) from this piece of music was able to bring a sensitive genius to tears. Probably Levitan clear would remark on Beethoven left on the sidelines of the music: "Life is a tragedy! – Hurrah!"

What else could serve as a "starting point" for Levitan's paintings?

I believe that the first impetus to the creation of paintings "eternal rest" Levitan could get, considering the picture of his mentor at the Moscow College of painting, sculpture and architecture of Alexei Savrasov "Grave on the Volga". Art historian Galina Churak says: "The picture painted by Savrasov is portrayed, too, is quite a high Bank over the river, with a rickety cross, and a huge space Volga expanses, the bend of the river, and they gave that open Volga". It turns out that not so wrong those who associate the picture with the great Russian river Volga the Levitan could also be synthesized in the landscape "eternal rest". Although, delving into the biography of the artist, the researchers actually came to the conclusion that the first time a sense of the grandeur of the water space and celestial expanse, embodied in the "eternal rest" Levitan experienced not on the river and lake, and... over the sea. First arrived in the Crimea in the spring of 1886, he wrote from there to Chekhov: "Last night I climbed up a cliff and from the summit looked at the sea, and you know what – I cried, and wept bitterly; that's where eternal beauty and that's where the man feels his utter insignificance! What it means is you have to see to understand!"

But the Church really moved the picture out of reach

In the magnificent panorama that opened the eyes of Levitan cliff above the lake Udomlya, one thing was not good: there's a small temple was not sufficiently picturesque, inharmonious. And then, the artist remembered his written five years ago, the study "The wooden Church in Plyos in the last rays of the sun". So Plyos ancient Church of Peter and Paul changed residence, "moved" to the lake Udomlya.

The hill on which stood the small wooden Church, the people of ples is still called the "mountain of creation". There on the mountain and the Church that people unequivocally call "eternal rest". But in fact it is another Church, not the one saved for eternity Levitan. TA – burned in 1903, the year. By this time she had not been an active Church stood closed and Plyos boys accidentally set fire to it, when smoked under the roof of the pigeons.

Almost the entire twentieth century "Levitana" in ples of the Church was not only the graveyard with a rickety crosses gradually overgrown with grass and drifts to the ground. However, the burned Peter and Paul Church remained one of the most famous churches in the Russian art, thanks to the film "eternal rest" and sketched Levitan and Kuvshinnikova its interiors.

In 1982, a year in ples to "a Holy place does not remain empty," Belukova moved from the village a wooden Church of the 1699 building. She replaced levitanovskoy.

"I'm all in it, with all my psyche": and that he Levitan thought about his painting?

Then, we may never would have learned: Levitan interpretation of his paintings is not engaged, your letter before death, was asked to burn, and article in print made over a lifetime, only once – when he died Savrasov. But still the letter that the artist wrote to Pavel Tretyakov.

"I'm so thrilled that my work gets back to You, reported in the spring of 1894 Levitan, – yesterday are in a state of ecstasy. And that, in fact, surprising as my stuff do You have enoughbut that last hit to You, touches me so much, that I'm whole, with my whole mind, with all my content..."

Author: Anna Yesterday

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About the artwork

Art form: Painting

Subject and objects: Landscape

Style of art: Realism

Technique: Oil

Materials: Canvas

Date of creation: 1894

Size: 150×206 cm

Artwork in selections: 82 selections

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