Description of the artwork «Fountain (copy)»
This work is an exact copy of the urinal, acquired by the artist in 1917 in a plumbing store in New York. Duchamp simply signed on it, putting his nickname, and presented as an exhibit at the exhibition. Moving the most banal subject from his usual context to another, absolutely alien to him, Duchamp turned it into a fact of art. Having accomplished this act, the artist for the first time defined the concept of "ready" ("ready-made") or "found" objects (found). Subsequently, this idea was repeatedly used in the work of artists of various creative directions. Defending his work in 1917, Duchamp challenged established ideas about the nature of art. He argued that it does not matter who created the work: a certain master or someone else, because it does not change anything in the anonymous properties of the subject. Concept and selection are the criteria that prevailed in Duchamp's aesthetics.