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The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow, Russian Federation

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Let’s get acquainted with the rich collection of European and world art, which includes over 670 thousand works of painting, graphics, sculpture, applied art, archaeological and numismatic monuments.
The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts gained its worldwide fame thanks to its rich collection of European and world art. Today the collection of the museum includes over 670 thousand works of painting, graphics, sculpture, applied art, archaeological and numismatics monuments.

The museum was created on the basis of the Cabinet of Fine Arts and Antiquities of Moscow University. The initiator of its creation and the first director of the museum was the University Professor, art historian Ivan Tsvetaev.
In 1912, the inauguration of the Alexander III Museum of Fine Arts took place in the presence of Emperor Nicholas II. In 1937, the museum was renamed into the A. S. Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts.

The museum collection was formed by I. Tsvetaev during the construction of the building. He ordered casts and other copies of world famous works of antiquity. The first original cultural monuments of Ancient Egypt were acquired by a large industrialist Y. Nechaev-Maltsov in 1897. A significant event for the museum was the receipt of the unique collection of orientalist V. Golenishchev in 1909, which consisted of over 6,000 works of ancient Egyptian art. Later, many Russian collectors donated their valuable collections to the museum and the exposition expanded its theme.

In 1924, an art gallery of Old Masters was established in the museum. The collection based on works from the Rumyantsev Museum, I. Ostroukhov Museum of Iconography and Painting, the Tretyakov Gallery, the Hermitage, the collections of the Yusupovs, Shuvalovs, G. Brokar.

Currently, there are four expositions in the museum halls. The first one presents sculptural and architectural originals and casts of monuments of antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Italian and Northern Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
. In the second, there is an art gallery of European artists of the 8th to 18th centuries. The third exposition introduces the works by Western European and American artists and sculptors of the 19th and 20th centuries. The exposition ends with the Hall of Private Collections.

The acquaintance with the museum begins with magnificent halls, each of which is decorated in accordance with the collection kept here. The atmosphere created here mentally transports the viewer to the distant ancient world, the ancient Egyptian civilization, the era of the Middle Ages and the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
.

The exposition starts with the mysterious art of Ancient Egypt. The collection includes 800 artworks and is one of the most significant in the world. The most outstanding works of this section are the statue of King Amenemhat III, figurines of the priest Amenhotep and the priestess Rannai. The rare examples of burial portraits, the so-called Fayum portraits, painted with wax paints on cypress plates, tell about the art of Hellenistic and Roman Egypt (1st-4th centuries).
The collection of antique monuments testifies to the high culture of the artists of Ancient Greece, Etruria and Ancient Rome in the period from the 3rd millennium BC to the 4th century. Painted vases of various shapes, decorated with multi-figured compositions on mythological subjects, graceful figurines of gods and people, decorative reliefs of sarcophagi evoke admiration. The works of Roman sculptural portrait have significant artistic and historical value, as they depict emperors and famous historical figures.
The exposition of the Ancient Troy section is especially interesting. This collection of 259 items is often called the Gold of Troy or Priam’s Treasure. It is made up of items originating from treasures found by Heinrich Schliemann during the excavations of Troy in 1872—1890. The most valuable are 19 vessels made of gold and silver, two gold diadems, basket-shaped earrings, temple rings, bracelets and torcs.
The Northern Black Sea region art section offers to make a fascinating journey to the capital of the Bosporus kingdom, Panticapaeum. During archaeological excavations in Kerch, the museum staff was lucky to collect interesting facts and valuable materials on the history and architecture of this ancient Greek city.

Among the exhibits of European art of the Middle Ages, the most notable are exact copies of outstanding works of early Christian, Byzantine and Western European art. These are copies of the mosaics of the 5—6th centuries from the churches in Ravenna (Italy), mosaics of the 13th century from the Cathedral of St. Mark in Venice, as well as casts of 5−14th centuries sculptures from the medieval cathedrals of France and Germany.

The Great Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
is represented by copies of sculptures by prominent Italian masters of the 15th century: Jacopo della Quercia, Ghiberti, Donatello and Verrocchio. The work of the great Florentine Michelangelo is called the pinnacle of European art of the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
. The museum exhibits casts of the most significant creations of the sculptor: the Roman Pietà, The Entombment, figures for the tomb of Pope Julius II and the sculptural composition of the Medici tomb.
The next section of the museum’s exposition introduces the works by Dutch, Flemish, German, Spanish artists along with a significant collection of the Italian and French schools of painting of the 13th to 18th centuries.

The museum is famous for its Italian section of painting — its collection numbers 550 works, among which there are genuine masterpieces. An outstanding work of the 14th century is the altar composition doors by Simone Martini depicting Mary Magdalene and St. Augustine. In their exquisite aristocratic figures that are shimmering against a gold background, there is a sense of grandeur and noble tranquillity. The gracile images of the Virgin Mary and the Archangel Gabriel in Sandro Botticelli’s Annunciation captivate the viewer with their sophistication and characterize the artist’s bright signature style. In the painting by Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio, Portrait of a Young Man as Saint Sebastian, the artist embodied the high idea of man, the main theme of the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
. Other Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
artists include Giulio Romano, Jacopo Palma the Elder, Tintoretto and Titian.
Full of life, dynamic, and vivid compositions by Pietro de Cortona and Luca Giordano mark the Baroque
The baroque style replaced the Renaissance, and it sought to shock the soul, in contrast to the Renaissance art, which kept the distance between an artwork and the audience. It surely succeeded: the pictorial pearls of those times are the true treasures. Read more
art of the 17th century. Alessandro Magnasco’s innovative painting style was embodied in the artist’s favourite theme — gloomy scenes from the life of monks. In his vivid colourful paintings on mythological and allegorical subjects, Giambattista Tiepolo reveals his boundless imagination and is rightfully considered a master of great decorative talent. Canaletto, Bernardo Bellotto, Marieschi canvases depict city landscapes, vedutas, and fascinate the viewer with illusory precision. Francesco Guardi in his Capriccio landscapes creates a poetic image of Venice.
In the 17th century, the pictorial art of Flanders and Holland experienced its highest florishing. Flemish craftsmen have achieved excellence in all genres. The museum exposition offers exquisite still lifes by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Frans Snyders, portraits of Anthony van Dyck with his noble models, genre scenes by David Teniers the Younger and Jacob Jordaens.

Peter Paul Rubens is recognized as the greatest artist of Flemish painting of the Baroque
The baroque style replaced the Renaissance, and it sought to shock the soul, in contrast to the Renaissance art, which kept the distance between an artwork and the audience. It surely succeeded: the pictorial pearls of those times are the true treasures. Read more
era. The bright lush style of Rubens is characterized by the presence of large, heavy figures in impetuous movement, the richness of colourful combinations and light and shadow contrasts filling his paintings with seething energy. The museum displays several works by the brilliant artist.
Peter Paul Rubens. Orgy
Orgy
1615, 91×107 cm
The name of the Dutch painter Rembrandt has taken a worthy place in the history of world painting. The museum contains drawings, etchings and six paintings by the great master. Rembrandt’s art reflects the drama of human life, his works stagger with spiritual depth and piercing power of feelings. Among other Dutch artists, the attention is drawn to paintings by Pieter de Hooch, Jacob van Ruisdael, Adriaen van Ostade.

National features of Spanish painting are visible in the paintings of the 17th century artists such as Francisco de Zurbarán, Esteban Murillo, Antonio Pereda, Jusepe Ribera.
Globally renowned artists represent the French school of painting and sculpture at the museum. The collection contains works by the outstanding painter of the 17th century, the founder of classicism, Nicolas Poussin. In his paintings on mythological and historical themes, the artist turned to the images and forms of the Renaissance
The Renaissance is the period that began around the 14th century and ended at the late 16th century, traditionally associated primarily with the Italian region. The ideas and images of the Renaissance largely determined the aesthetic ideals of modern man, his sense of harmony, measure and beauty. Read more
. The viewer’s attention is attracted by the classical landscapes by Claude Lorrain, paintings by Simon Vouet, the court painter of King Louis XIV, portraits of Nicolas de Largillière and François de Troy. The brilliant period of the French art heyday in 18th century is represented by gallant scenes by Antoine Watteau and decorative Rococo compositions by François Boucher. The decoration of this part of the exhibition is still lifes by Jean-Baptiste Chardin, landscapes by Claude Joseph Vernet, sentimental portraits by Jean-Baptiste Greuze and genre works by Jean Honoré Fragonard. Sculptural compositions by Claude Michel Claudion, Jean-Baptiste Lemoine, Jean-Antoine Houdon introduce the art of French plasticism.
The pride of the museum is the gallery of European and American art of the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The collection is based on works by French impressionists and post-impressionists donated by Moscow collectors I. Morozov and S. Shchukin.

The exposition begins with romantic, sublime landscapes by Caspar David Friedrich and paintings by Nazarene painters belonging to the 19th century German school of painting. French romanticism
Romanticism replaced the austere Classicism in painting and brought something new with it: emotions, excitement, colours, and distinct expressiveness. Quite often the style of Romanticism is confused with "romantic" images in painting and pastoral scenes. Still, it was a person with all the emotions and a rich inner world which was in the focus of attention of creators of all genres of the late 18th – early 19th centuries – from music to painting. Read more
is represented by the emotional art of Eugène Delacroix, and the austere academic style is represented by the works of Jean-Auguste Ingres.
The rich collection of Barbizon school landscape
The development of the genre from antiquity to the present day: how did religion and the invention of oil painting contribute to the development of the genre in Europe, and why was the Hudson River so important? Read more
painters introduces the works by Théodore Rousseau, Jules Dupré, Charles Daubigny. The realistic trend was embodied in the defiant paintings of Gustave Courbet, the peasant scenes of Jean François Millet and the ironic caricatures of Honoré Daumier. An indelible impression is made by the paintings of the French impressionists, post-impressionists and masters of the early twentieth century, which are presented in the museum. These are the works by Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir, Alfred Sisley, Camille Pissarro, Edgar Degas, Paul Cézanne, Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso. Sculptures by the greatest French masters Auguste Rodin, Aristide Maillol, Emile Bourdelle complement this section of the exhibition.
Vincent van Gogh. Red Vineyards at Arles
Red Vineyards at Arles
November 1888, 73×91 cm
The Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts offers a wide variety of programs today. In the halls of the museum you can get acquainted with the magnificent exposition, visit thematic exhibitions and concerts organized by the museum throughout the year, as well as the December Nights of Sviatoslav Richter, an already famous annual International Music Festival.