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Rachelle Ruysch
Rachelle
 Ruysch
Netherlands 1664−1750
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Biography and information
 
Rachel Ruus (niderl. Rachel Ruysch; 3 Jun 1664, the Hague — August 12, 1750, Amsterdam) — master of floral still life in the Dutch Golden age, the first woman accepted into the Guild of painters of the Hague.

Features the creative work of artist Rachel Ruus:For 65 years, wrote only floral still lifes. Understanding botany, achieved remarkable accuracy in the depiction of plants. In the XVII century still lifes in the Netherlands were at the peak of popularity — was about a hundred artists who were grazing on the lawn of the genre: Ruys managed to find your style not to get lost, to become famous and earn a lot of money.

Famous paintings by Rachel Ruus: "Roses convolvulus poppies and other flowers in a vase on a stone shelf", "Earth to forest", "Fruit, flowers, reptiles and insects on the edge of the forest", "Bouquet in a glass vase".

Rachel was the first of 12 children, Frederick ruysh, anatomist, scientist, restless man who was the author of many scientific discoveries and has lived 92 years, certainly to do what he planned.

Rachel was born in the Hague. When she was 3 years old, the family moved to Amsterdam. Her father offered to teach anatomy to students and become Director of the newly established Botanical garden — Ortus Botanicus. The father deserves a separate Chapter.

Father of the artist. Controversial doctor and friend of Peter I

In the family Ruis the young people had a choice — a career lawyer or a doctor. For starters, Frederik Ruysch was trained in the craft of a pharmacist, but at that time, his guiding light made itself felt — he became interested in anatomy. At the end of the XVII century not being a medic to access the bodies of the dead was not easy, so the resourceful pharmacist made friends with the gravedigger and studied the body directly to the cemetery.

Over time, Frederik Ruysch became a doctor and scientist, he proved the existence of valves in the lymphatic vessels, opened the vomeronasal organ in the nose (perhaps with the help of people smell pheromones), but its most famous discovery — a new method of embalming bodies: "I processed them using my art of embalming so that the bodies will remain intact not some fifty years, and a few centuries".

Ruys believed the embalming art, and the anatomy is damn good science, which is also useful for physicians and patients (1, 2). To promote, attract intrigued viewers, and unexpected fainting he opened the Cabinet which showed their collections. A special feature of his works was the creation of "anatomical still lifes", for example, enclosed in a glass vessel heart, next to which in the secret solution floated a sprig or flower; alcoholized babies with a smile, like sleeping; trees of blood vessels. He sincerely was surprised (or pretended to), when his work was called creepy and frightening, he thought them beautiful and "claiming the victory of science over death".

In the Museum, Ruisa was attended by people from all over Europe. In 1697, after hearing about this "eighth wonder of the world", there came Russian Tsar Peter I. He immediately realized that he had found a kindred spirit and it is the same restless and passionate lover of science. He attended the lectures of professors, led with him for a long secret conversation, they parted good friends. Between them struck up a correspondence and shipment of all sorts of treasures — Frederick, the exiled king of insects from India and asked for a response to send "butterflies and reptiles of Azov, different animals and fish".

The collection grew and has held five rooms, and once Ruys decided to put their offspring in a safe, kind and, most importantly, effective hands. In 1716 he sold his collection to Peter the great for a lot of money — 30,000 guilders. Ruys prepared to send their works, which were collected 50 years: 2000 bottles of drugs on human anatomy, 1179 samples of mammals, reptiles and insects, 259 birds, preserved by the dry method, 2 cabinets with a herbarium and a bunch of boxes with butterflies, sea animals and shells. This collection became the basis of Museum Kunstkamera in St. Petersburg. Some works of Frederick preserved until now.

This man was the father of artist Rachel Ruysh, purposeful, persistent, pragmatic and always looking for something new that can please the curious mind.

The discovery of talent and the teacher is a legend Willem van Aalst


The artistic talent of his daughter Rachel, Frederik Ruysch noticed when she was helping him in the design of the herbarium — made sketches. It quickly became clear that Rachel very well be images of flowers, plants, all sorts of small reptiles and insects.

She was 14 years old, she was a pious, rich, Ghost marriage did not trouble her bright head, and it was agreed — the talent to develop! At the time it looked a bit odd and perhaps scandalous, but in a family where half the house is a Museum with "anatomical still lifes", operated by other rules. Again, the light guiding stars family lived on the Flower canal, and a neighbor they had the famous painter, master of still life Willem van Aalst. Just in case on the training given to the two daughters, in the hope that the younger Anna, too, found the ability.

Rachel was very attentive and persistent. Van Aalst taught her to give the colors in the painting volume and repost", positioning them so that the impression of lightness and creative disorder.

Until the master’s death in 1683 Rachel honed his talent and found new methods of images of plants. And, probably, already then it became clear that she will not abandon painting, as many ladies of high society. At 18, she began to sign his paintings, it immediately became known as "the wunderkind from Holland" and "our subtle art heroine".

At that time in Holland was dominated by "the aspiration to nature": urban residents planted vegetable gardens, planted, planted gardens and parks. The country became the largest importer of new and exotic plants from around the world. The flowers, which previously saw only medicinal properties, are valued for their beauty and fragrance. Was very popular variegated or "flaming" tulipswith stripes of contrasting colors on the petals. Actually, the color was caused by a virus and the life of these flowers was short, which made them in the eyes of the Dutch even more valuable and desirable.

Ruys with her knowledge of botany and meticulous approach to painting corresponded to the General mood of the country, and it made her popular.

A good family unit still lifes and portraits


At the age of 29 years, Rachel was married to portrait painter Uridine Sex. He was a year younger than his wife, but has already managed to grief and despair. His father and mother died early, and some time Uridan held at the shelter. Up to the present day, his paintings have survived, including self portraitwhere he portrayed himself in "orphan" clothing — a red jacket with blue sleeves. Now the building it is a former orphanage, the Historical Museum of Amsterdam, where you can see the painting. In addition to painting, he was engaged in the lace trade, and was close to the court.

In the family Ruys Paul was born 10 children, three died immediately, and four more in adolescence and young age. Rachel continued to write, always, even in the most difficult periods of life. Once Uridan Paul had lost the favor of the court, and that significantly reduced income. The money the artist got for his work, made her the breadwinner for the family.

Success! All at the feet of Rachel — the Royal court, collectors and poets


In the year 1701, Rachel became the first female painter accepted into the fraternity of the painters of the Hague. The next step in a creative career — the post of court painter of the elector Palatinate Johann Wilhelm 1708 and 1716. He was a passionate art lover and a caring employer — freed Rachel from finding at the court in düsseldorf, and she still lived in Amsterdam. She was paid a stipend and the terms of cooperation she painted only one painting a year for the collection of the elector.

In addition to remote operation of the court Rachel was my agent and she received orders for paintings by foreign collectors.

And in 1723 in the life of Rachel intervened a happy occasion. She won the Lottery North of the Netherlands 75,000 guilders, a huge sum, whiling away solved all the financial problems of the family.

At that time the husband of the artist and her sister Anna left painting itself Ruis no longer needed a job to feed his family. But, being my father’s daughter, found the secret of longevity in constant operation.

The last picture Rachel signed to 1747. The artist was 83, she was widowed, survived by only three of her sons. And that’s when she stopped writing, 65 years after the first experiments. In the year of her death she presented a gift — a collection of poems about her work "Poems for a beautiful artist-mistresses Rachel Ruus". She became the first artist in Holland to be awarded this honor.

Of the 250 famous paintings Ruys to our time survived only about a hundred pictures. As the work of her father, they hit even after a few centuries.

Author: Alexander Berezhnaya
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Rachelle Ruysch
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Rachel Ruus (niderl. Rachel Ruysch; 3 Jun 1664, the Hague — August 12, 1750, Amsterdam) - master of floral still life in the Dutch Golden age, the first woman accepted into the Guild of painters of the Hague.

Features the creative work of artist Rachel Ruus:For 65 years, wrote only floral still lifes. Understanding botany, achieved remarkable accuracy in the depiction of plants. In the XVII century still lifes in the Netherlands were at the peak of popularity - was about a hundred artists who were grazing on the lawn of the genre: Ruys managed to find your style not to get lost, to become famous and earn a lot of money.

Famous paintings by Rachel Ruus: "Roses convolvulus poppies and other flowers in a vase on a stone shelf", "Earth to forest", "Fruit, flowers, reptiles and insects on the edge of the forest", "Bouquet in a glass vase".

Rachel was the first of 12 children, Frederick ruysh, anatomist, scientist, restless man who was the author of many scientific discoveries and has lived 92 years, certainly to do what he planned.

Rachel was born in the Hague. When she was 3 years old, the family moved to Amsterdam. Her father offered to teach anatomy to students and become Director of the newly established Botanical garden - Ortus Botanicus. The father deserves a separate Chapter.

Father of the artist. Controversial doctor and friend of Peter I

In the family Ruis the young people had a choice - a career lawyer or a doctor. For starters, Frederik Ruysch was trained in the craft of a pharmacist, but at that time, his guiding light made itself felt - he became interested in anatomy. At the end of the XVII century not being a medic to access the bodies of the dead was not easy, so the resourceful pharmacist made friends with the gravedigger and studied the body directly to the cemetery.

Over time, Frederik Ruysch became a doctor and scientist, he proved the existence of valves in the lymphatic vessels, opened the vomeronasal organ in the nose (perhaps with the help of people smell pheromones), but its most famous discovery - a new method of embalming bodies: "I processed them using my art of embalming so that the bodies will remain intact not some fifty years, and a few centuries".

Ruys believed the embalming art, and the anatomy is damn good science, which is also useful for physicians and patients (1, 2). To promote, attract intrigued viewers, and unexpected fainting he opened the Cabinet which showed their collections. A special feature of his works was the creation of "anatomical still lifes", for example, enclosed in a glass vessel heart, next to which in the secret solution floated a sprig or flower; alcoholized babies with a smile, like sleeping; trees of blood vessels. He sincerely was surprised (or pretended to), when his work was called creepy and frightening, he thought them beautiful and "claiming the victory of science over death".

In the Museum, Ruisa was attended by people from all over Europe. In 1697, after hearing about this "eighth wonder of the world", there came Russian Tsar Peter I. He immediately realized that he had found a kindred spirit and it is the same restless and passionate lover of science. He attended the lectures of professors, led with him for a long secret conversation, they parted good friends. Between them struck up a correspondence and shipment of all sorts of treasures - Frederick, the exiled king of insects from India and asked for a response to send "butterflies and reptiles of Azov, different animals and fish".

The collection grew and has held five rooms, and once Ruys decided to put their offspring in a safe, kind and, most importantly, effective hands. In 1716 he sold his collection to Peter the great for a lot of money - 30,000 guilders. Ruys prepared to send their works, which were collected 50 years: 2000 bottles of drugs on human anatomy, 1179 samples of mammals, reptiles and insects, 259 birds, preserved by the dry method, 2 cabinets with a herbarium and a bunch of boxes with butterflies, sea animals and shells. This collection became the basis of Museum Kunstkamera in St. Petersburg. Some works of Frederick preserved until now.

This man was the father of artist Rachel Ruysh, purposeful, persistent, pragmatic and always looking for something new that can please the curious mind.

The discovery of talent and the teacher is a legend Willem van Aalst


The artistic talent of his daughter Rachel, Frederik Ruysch noticed when she was helping him in the design of the herbarium - made sketches. It quickly became clear that Rachel very well be images of flowers, plants, all sorts of small reptiles and insects.

She was 14 years old, she was a pious, rich, Ghost marriage did not trouble her bright head, and it was agreed - the talent to develop! At the time it looked a bit odd and perhaps scandalous, but in a family where half the house is a Museum with "anatomical still lifes", operated by other rules. Again, the light guiding stars family lived on the Flower canal, and a neighbor they had the famous painter, master of still life Willem van Aalst. Just in case on the training given to the two daughters, in the hope that the younger Anna, too, found the ability.

Rachel was very attentive and persistent. Van Aalst taught her to give the colors in the painting volume and repost", positioning them so that the impression of lightness and creative disorder.

Until the master's death in 1683 Rachel honed his talent and found new methods of images of plants. And, probably, already then it became clear that she will not abandon painting, as many ladies of high society. At 18, she began to sign his paintings, it immediately became known as "the wunderkind from Holland" and "our subtle art heroine".

At that time in Holland was dominated by "the aspiration to nature": urban residents planted vegetable gardens, planted, planted gardens and parks. The country became the largest importer of new and exotic plants from around the world. The flowers, which previously saw only medicinal properties, are valued for their beauty and fragrance. Was very popular variegated or "flaming" tulipswith stripes of contrasting colors on the petals. Actually, the color was caused by a virus and the life of these flowers was short, which made them in the eyes of the Dutch even more valuable and desirable.

Ruys with her knowledge of botany and meticulous approach to painting corresponded to the General mood of the country, and it made her popular.

A good family unit still lifes and portraits


At the age of 29 years, Rachel was married to portrait painter Uridine Sex. He was a year younger than his wife, but has already managed to grief and despair. His father and mother died early, and some time Uridan held at the shelter. Up to the present day, his paintings have survived, including self portraitwhere he portrayed himself in "orphan" clothing - a red jacket with blue sleeves. Now the building it is a former orphanage, the Historical Museum of Amsterdam, where you can see the painting. In addition to painting, he was engaged in the lace trade, and was close to the court.

In the family Ruys Paul was born 10 children, three died immediately, and four more in adolescence and young age. Rachel continued to write, always, even in the most difficult periods of life. Once Uridan Paul had lost the favor of the court, and that significantly reduced income. The money the artist got for his work, made her the breadwinner for the family.

Success! All at the feet of Rachel — the Royal court, collectors and poets


In the year 1701, Rachel became the first female painter accepted into the fraternity of the painters of the Hague. The next step in a creative career - the post of court painter of the elector Palatinate Johann Wilhelm 1708 and 1716. He was a passionate art lover and a caring employer - freed Rachel from finding at the court in düsseldorf, and she still lived in Amsterdam. She was paid a stipend and the terms of cooperation she painted only one painting a year for the collection of the elector.

In addition to remote operation of the court Rachel was my agent and she received orders for paintings by foreign collectors.

And in 1723 in the life of Rachel intervened a happy occasion. She won the Lottery North of the Netherlands 75,000 guilders, a huge sum, whiling away solved all the financial problems of the family.

At that time the husband of the artist and her sister Anna left painting itself Ruis no longer needed a job to feed his family. But, being my father's daughter, found the secret of longevity in constant operation.

The last picture Rachel signed to 1747. The artist was 83, she was widowed, survived by only three of her sons. And that's when she stopped writing, 65 years after the first experiments. In the year of her death she presented a gift - a collection of poems about her work "Poems for a beautiful artist-mistresses Rachel Ruus". She became the first artist in Holland to be awarded this honor.

Of the 250 famous paintings Ruys to our time survived only about a hundred pictures. As the work of her father, they hit even after a few centuries.

Author: Alexander Berezhnaya
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Rachelle Ruysch. A bouquet of flowers on a marble ledge
A bouquet of flowers on a marble ledge
Rachelle Ruysch
1695, 37.5×29.2 cm
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Whole feed
Artworks by the artist
total 60 artworks
Rachelle Ruysch. Land in the forest
3
Land in the forest
1687, 47×40 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Roses, tulips, sunflowers and other flowers with insects in a glass vase
8
Roses, tulips, sunflowers and other flowers with insects in a glass vase
1710, 89×71 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Summer flowers in a vase
8
Summer flowers in a vase
1716, 56.5×48.6 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Flowers in a vase
1
Flowers in a vase
1690, 47.6×40 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Still life with flowers on a marble table
3
Still life with flowers on a marble table
1716, 48.5×35.9 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Roses, marigolds, hyacinths and other flowers on a marble ledge
4
Roses, marigolds, hyacinths and other flowers on a marble ledge
1723, 38×31 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Bouquet in a glass vase
1
Bouquet in a glass vase
1703, 85×68 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Still life
4
Still life
1711, 44×60 cm
Rachelle Ruysch. Fruit, flowers, reptiles and insects on the edge of the forest
0
Fruit, flowers, reptiles and insects on the edge of the forest
1716, 89×68.5 cm
View 60 artworks by the artist