Madonna della Loggia

Sandro Botticelli • Painting, 1467, 72×50 cm
About the artwork
Art form: Painting
Subject and objects: Portrait, Religious scene
Style of art: Renaissance
Technique: Tempera
Materials: Wood
Date of creation: 1467
Size: 72×50 cm
Artwork in selections: 9 selections

Description of the artwork «Madonna della Loggia»

“Madonna della Loggia” (or “Madonna and Child”) is a famous work created by a representative of the Florentine schoolSandro Botticelli in the years 1467-68: this is one of the first paintings attributed by art critics to the era of the early Renaissance. The picture reflects the defining aspects of Christian art: during the times of total illiteracy, it was important to show and sing the main characters of the Christian faith, visually present their stories, and represent symbolism.

Due to some details, the painting was not unanimously attributed as Botticelli's work:brilliant Florentine He didn’t sign his works, although at the time of the Renaissance the artist’s personality already mattered, and the masters began to sign autographs on their works. But not Botticelli: he signed, as confirmed to date, just one picture.

As for Madonna della Loggia, at present, most critics, including an expert such as Adolfo Venturi, definitely identify the painting as one of the first known works of the master. By the time of its creation, the master was about 22-23 years old. For some time it was believed that the work was created Filippino LippisonFra Filippo Lippi - teachers Sandro Botticelli. However, if we turn to the dates, this version has no reason: at the time of writing the picture Filippino was about 10 years old, and it is unlikely that the boy would be able to create such a perfect work - even with such an ingenious father-artist.

In The Madonna della Loggia, Botticelli sought not only to perpetuate the divine face of Mary, the Mother of Jesus, but also to reflect the beauty of the new era, characteristic of Europe. The picture contains a number of key points and attributes that determine the symbolism of the picture. So, Baby Jesus reaches out to hug his mother by the neck, and Madonna looks downwards: her look can be interpreted as love for humanity as a whole. This composition is typical for work Donatello, which was subsequently honed by Filippo Lippi, whose successor was Botticelli. The latter brought his love for the dominance of the contours, bright draperies and smoother lines than the teacher.

The architectural details of the painting are also important - they demonstrate the ideas of the Renaissance: Botticelli depicts the loggia as an early Greco-Roman project, thereby emphasizing the desire to restore the lost knowledge of those times (by the way, rotating in an enlightened society at the Medici court, the artist learned Greek - after the fall of Constantinople in Florence there were many Greek refugees). In a religious context, the architectural construction depicted by the artist symbolizes the solid foundations of the Christian faith and the strong supports on which it is built.

“Madonna della Loggia” became the starting point for the further work of Botticelli on the image of the Mother of God: the theme was continued, in particular, by"Madonna and Child with Angels" (1470),"Madonna by the sea" (1480) and“Madonna with a book” (1480).

The work is done on a wooden panel with tempera paints and is stored in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.