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Sassetta

Italia 
1392−1450
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Biography and information

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Place and date of birth Stefano di Giovanni is unknown. Perhaps he was born in Cortona, in the house of his father Giovanni di Console. However, in Siena there is a record of baptism only one Stefano di Giovanni, and it is marked 1392 m a year, i.e. it is likely that this year was born in Siena. Some experts do not agree that this this post is exactly about Sassetta, and include the date of his birth is approximately 1400-th year, based on the fact that his first work is dated to 1423. Stefano di Giovanni has grown in Siena, its taste was brought up in Siena, and learning the skill presumably he was in the workshop of Paolo di Giovanni FEI.

With creativity Cassette is connected with the beginning of flowering of Siena scale painting near the art of Florentine Renaissance. The earliest work of the artist is the altar of the "Eucharist"(1423-1426), created for the Cappella del Arte della Given. Currently, this work is split. Thus, the panels of predely are in the Museum of fine arts in Budapest ("Prayer of St. Thomas"), Museum in Bernard Castes, in the Vatican ("SV. Thomas before his crucifixion"), in the NAC. Gal. in Melbourne, in the NAC. Pinakothek in Siena ("the last supper" and "the Martyrdom of St. Anthony"). In Siena are stored and eight figures of saints, located on the pilasters of the altar, and two figures of the prophets who were at the pinnacles. The figure of an angel and Madonna from the scene of the Annunciation", also located on the pinnacles of the altar, stored, respectively, in the Museum in Massa Marittima and the Art Gal. Yale University in new haven. The only large sash, which survived to our days, is St. Anthony the Abbot (Siena Monte dei Pasca). In this work, Sassetta, portraying the prospect of using linear rhythms causes flexible Gothic rhythms in fragile but completely modern plastic structure, placed in a clear space where the action unfolds. This is a profound difference from anthropomorphic and rationalistic conception of the Florentines, which is typical for all subsequent Sienese painting of the XV century In 1430-1433 for Siena Cathedral Sassetta creates a great altar dedicated to the Madonna (Florence, Palazzo Pitti, the gift of the Contini-Bonacossi). Thanks to precise rhythms and bright open the horizon here in a completely original synthesis joined the new rules prospects established Florentine school, and poetically-fabulous unreal naive vision. Pre-

 

della with the image especially good explanation for the miracle

 

art Sassetta, where this is

 

the new century extends simple-

 

panstwo concentric heaven, FAI

 

continue their descent from the medium

 

a century later.

 

From this moment in Siena no Hu-

 

the artist who had not experienced more

 

or lesser degree of influence Asset-

 

you, who, for their part, atten-

 

closely watched the development of IP-

 

Costa era, in particular Florent-

 

Baltic. If the polyptych of C.

 

San Domenico in Cortona Central

 

motif another from-

 

Machen traces of refined Gothic

 

borrowings, clear design

 

of the four sides of figures

 

and great harmony of tones Pro-

 

come from the art of fra Angelico,

 

whose mystical spirit match

 

worldview Sienese artist.

 

(Siena, the congrega

 

the Chigi-Saracini) and small

 

panels (new York,

 

Metropolitan Museum of art) represent Shine

 

and taste to the grandeur of the inherent

 

Gentile da Fabriano. Contrasts in

 

the main elements and severity of STI-

 

La suggest that it is Pro-

 

the extermination was preceded by

 

from the Palazzo Pitti, directly

 

which can follow fragments-

 

you with Madonna and St.

 

John and picture

 

ting and the pauper> (Siena, a collection of kid-

 

LM-Saracini) is a wonderful way-

 

s creativity Cassette in which

 

delicate calculations combined with Pravdi-

 

the first imagination, what is evident

 

the formal achievements of the Tuscan

 

artists in the field of perspective.

 

Numerous (Siena, the NAC. Pinakothek; Gros

 

Cetto, Museum, Washington, NAT. Gal.)

 

and very beautiful predella, aplauda-

 

yasya part of the unknown polyptych,

 

with the image ,

 

, (Detroit Institute of arts), -

 

were also created in 1440-E. PE-

 

IRS crisis

 

Tuscan culture under graceful or

 

grotesque mask imaginary th-

 

political peace individual genius

 

Cassette in the original synthesis with-

 

edinyaet in himself, all that he PSA-

 

Rahl from other artists (fra Andes-

 

gelika, late Masolino, Paolo

 

Uccello).

 

In 1437 the artist receives an order for

 

large

 

C. San Francesco in Borgo San CE

 

polka, on which work was completed

 

agrees in 1444. Here presents

 

(Paris,

 

Louvre), and

 

(Settignano,

 

the meeting Berenson). On the reverse

 

side - (seven - London, NAC.

 

Gal.; one - Chantilly, Conde Museum).

 

Preserved and three panels of predely with

 

image (Berlindahlem, Museum; PA-

 

rig, Louvre). This is an undoubted masterpiece

 

long work and great art

 

Cassette reflects the perfect aspiration

 

of the dying civilization. CAC-

 

cette died in Siena, working on

 

frescoes of the Roman gate, of which

 

remained only

 

the vault.

 

Among the Sienese painters, having experienced-

 

Shih direct impact CAC-

 

Setty, can be called Sano di Drinks-

 

ro, Pietro di Giovanni d'ambrogio.

 

In addition. many researchers

 

ascribe Sassetta famous CE

 

Tory panels illustrating the life of St.

 

Anthony (Washington, NAT. Gal.;

 

New York, Metropolitan Museum of art, the FDS-

 

unlocking Lehmann; new.-Even, Somehow

 

d Gal. Jenskogo University-

 

theta; Berlin-Dahlem Museum).

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