Sergey Konstantinovich Zaryanko (September 24 (October 6), 1818, Lady of the Mogilyov Province - December 20, 1870, Moscow) - an outstanding portrait painter, master of interior genre. The teacher, the author of works on the theory of art and teaching methods.
Features of Sergey Zaryanko: portraits of the master, whose talent at the time noticed VenetiansSuperbly convey similarities with real people. These works made a great impression on contemporaries and were demanded by customers. According to the artist, the most truthful transfer of nature brought the work to the truth. A great role in achieving this task was played by subtle tonal chiaroscuro shading, which help to reveal the “sculptural bulk” of the forms. The painter skillfully reproduced the textural properties of materials - velvet, lace, satin, moire, gold embroidery - very thoughtfully approached the choice of accessories.
Famous paintings by Sergey Zaryanko: "A girl in a blue dress. Portrait of Natalia Sergeyevna Zaryanko, the artist's daughter", "Portrait of the Turchaninovs Family", portraits of Venetsianov (1, 2).
S. K. Zaryanko was born in the village of Lyady, Mogilyov Province, in the family of a serf. After receiving his freedom, his father and his family moved to St. Petersburg. In 1834, Zaryanko began visiting the Imperial Academy of Arts as a volunteer. At the same time he studied with Alexei Gavrilovich Venetsianov. In 1838, he was awarded the title of a classroom (free) artist, and in 1843, “for art and knowledge in promising pictorial art”, he was awarded the title of academician. In 1850, Sergei Zaryanko became a professor of historical and portrait painting.
Zaryanko also acted as the author of several works on the theory of art and on the method of teaching. He taught drawing in various educational institutions. In 1856, the artist received the post of inspector and senior professor at the Moscow School of Painting and Sculpture, where he studied Vasily Perov, Vasily Pukirev, Hilarion the Pryanishnikov, Vladimir Makovsky.
In the 1860s, Zaryanko’s fame began to fade. At this time, a new generation of artists came to the arena of artistic life, and with it arose a new aesthetics of critical realism. But Zaryanko could not and did not want to change his existing painting style, but only wanted to improve on the once chosen path. He continued to work hard and hard, but his new works were criticized for their naturalism and craft approach to nature.
Disappointed with the cold reception of criticism and the public, who survived his fame Zaryanko died in Moscow at the age of 52 on December 20, 1870.
Bymaterials Tretyakov Gallery