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Yulianovich Zhukovsky

Russia • 1873−1944
Stanislav Yulianovich Zhukovsky (May 13, 1873, p. Andrikhovtsy, Grodno Province, Russian Empire - August 1944, Pruszkow, Poland) - Russian artist of Belarusian-Polish origin, one of the most prominent landscape painters of the late XIX - first third of the twentieth century. Zhukovsky was the son of a Polish aristocrat, deprived of his noble rights and who spoke out categorically against his son receiving an art education. However, Stanislav was supported by a mother who instilled in children a love for music, languages, and drawing. At the age of 17, Zhukovsky nevertheless entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, where he became a student and loyal follower. Isaac Levitan. By the beginning of the twentieth century, Zhukovsky became one of the most famous landscape painters in Russia. He participated in the exhibitions of the Wanderers and the World of Art, was a member of the Union of Russian Artists. But the strip of professional success was broken with the advent of the revolution, which Zhukovsky took without much enthusiasm. It soon became clear that in the new country his work had ceased to be in demand, and the artist decided to go to Poland. There he opened a private art school and continued to work fruitfully. But in the 30s, the economic crisis hit Zhukovsky, his paintings ceased to be sold. The first wife and friends of the artist urged him to return to the Soviet Union, but he chose to stay in Warsaw, where he was caught in the beginning of World War II and the German occupation. In 1944, 71-year-old Stanislav Zhukovsky was arrested during the suppression of the Warsaw Uprising and died in a concentration camp. The exact date of death of the artist is unknown, he was buried in a common grave along with other victims of the Nazis. Zhukovsky did not live until the liberation of Poland just a few months. Many of his paintings were destroyed or lost.

Features of the artist Stanislav Zhukovsky: he painted his landscapes in the open air and in general always worked from nature. In the works of Zhukovsky a lot of light and air, he preferred to write with bright, saturated colors and used impressionistic techniques to make his canvases more lyrical. The artist was proud to be called a Russian impressionist, but he didn’t like it when his paintings were compared with the works of French painters. Zhukovsky said: «Monet,Cezanne and others are beautiful and very sincere artists. But I can not stand when they write Russian nature, driving it under the canvases of Cezanne. When I see such works, I become literally sick. ” A separate important topic in the work of Stanislav Zhukovsky was the old manor. He traveled extensively in Russia and Ukraine, painting parks, buildings, corners of interiors with "vintage" furniture and windows open to the garden. For with what love, even intimate tenderness, but at the same time - with simplicity and ease, these pictures were painted, Stanislav Zhukovsky is still called "the singer of the Russian manor".

Famous paintings of Stanislav Zhukovsky: «Sad thoughts","Early spring. Gazebo in the park","Church of the Nativity of the Virgin in Zvenigorod","Landscape. Forest","The interior of the library manor house".

Author: Evgeny Sidelnikov.
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