Dmitrievich Goncharov

Russia • 1903−1979

Graphic artist, theater. artist, Nar. hood. Of the RSFSR (1979), corresponding member Q. AH THE USSR (1973). Studied in the Studio of K. Yuon and V. Meshkov (1915-20) and Mosk. VKhUTEMAS with Vladimir Favorsky (1921-24). Participant of exhibitions since 1924. In 1925 one of the founders of the OST. Taught in ISKCON. polygraphic Institute (1930-34, 1948-79). Master of woodcuts. Author of the book. Fig. (Fig. to the MFR. William Shakespeare, 1953-64; the novels and stories of Dostoevsky, 1969-71, etc.). Were also made performances at the Moscow art Theater in Moscow.. t-RAH.

Goncharov was a versatile artist: painter and engraver, master of monumental painting and decorator. However, the most significant contribution he has made to the art of the book. Studied potters in the second GShM (1918-20) and VKhUTEMAS - Vhuteine (1921-27) I. I. Mashkov, A. V. Shevchenko. But his main teacher was V. A. Favorsky, Goncharov transferred not only artistic technique but also his understanding of art, its challenges and opportunities. Still a student, in 1924, he became an assistant Professor Tabor for the course of graphic disciplines." And the rest of his life teaching in various art institutes. Cool, perfected the technique of wood engraving Goncharov took active temperament has made the world of stormy passions, mobility and compositional sharpness, bold contrasts of black silhouettes and white background is a book page, which often come from the enclosed space illustration of his characters. He willingly turns to sharp, nepriglazhennyh images of modern literature ("Wild people" of the armed Forces. V. Ivanov, 1934), looking for dramatic conflict in the historical past ("Salavat Yulaev" S. P. Zlobin, 1928; "Two lives of Goseca" M. O. Gershenzon, 1933). And exploring the vast diversity of world classics - from the ancient epic and drama (Homer, Sophocles, 1935), they solved majestic light situate on a smooth colored background, to mischievous grotesque in the engravings for the English novel of the eighteenth century "the adventures Peregrine Pickle" T. Smollet (1934); from the elegant lightness of the comedies of Lope de VEGA (1954) condensed to the tragic atmosphere of the works by William Shakespeare (1952) and F. M. Dostoyevsky (1970). In painting Goncharova impact of decades of strict training, disciplining art prints. His work is characterized by clarity psychologically acute poses heroes, polished silhouettes, the hard simplicity of the songs, of which decisively expelled superfluous, not helping expressive details and strong contrasts of generalized and dense masses of sonorous colors. As a muralist Goncharov participated in the design of Moscow metro stations, pavilions ENEA and the Soviet pavilions at international exhibitions. For many years the artist was engaged in teaching - in Vhuteine (1927-30), the Moscow polygraphic Institute (1930-34, 1948-79). Experience in creative and pedagogical work Goncharova dictated by books written by him About "graphic art" (Moscow, 1960) and "Artist and book" (M., 1964).

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