Studied with his father the painter A. I. Bronnikova, then at the Imperial Academy of arts in St. Petersburg (IAH) to 1845−1853 in the class of historical painting under A. T. Markov. Since 1843 he attended the workshop of E. E. Bernardskogo, where he studied woodcut. A pensioner of the Imperial Academy of arts (1854−1860) in Germany, France and Italy. From 1861 he lived in Rome, periodically visited Russia. Professor of the Imperial Academy of arts (1863). Member of the Association of traveling art exhibitions (from 1876), member of the Moscow society of art lovers (since 1886). Participated in the painting of the Orthodox Cathedral. Alexander Nevsky in Paris, the Russian Embassy Church in Copenhagen, the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. Works from his Roman Studio the artist bequeathed to the city of Shadrinsk.
Professor of historical painting, was born in Shadrinsk (Perm province.) in 1827 his father was a house painter; drawing and painting Bronnikov studied first under his father, and then at the Academy of arts, under the guidance of Markov.
In 1851 he received a silver medal: for small portraits from life, and most — for the painting "the Return of Ulysses to his house." In the following year received a second gold medal for painting software "Preaching of St John the Baptist in the desert", in 1853 — a gold medal for painting software "the mother of God joy of all who sorrow".
In 1854 he went abroad pensioner of the Academy and settled in Rome. The Council of the Academy in 1863, was recognized as Professor of historical painting for the painting: "Horace reads his satire Maecenas". Up to 1881 Bronnikov exhibited his paintings at academic exhibitions, and after — at the exhibitions of the Association of traveling exhibitions. In 1870, the Academy awarded him a gold medal for the painting "the Poor family that run the apartments." Among his numerous works deserve special attention: "they came to be before the court of the Persian, in Venice," "Alcibiades and Aspasia before the archon," "Hymn to the Pythagoreans the rising sun", "Poor family, that run from the apartment," "Augustus, playing with your children", "Birthday", "the Martyr in the arena of the amphitheatre", "Kvestor reads the death sentence Traseu Peta", "the Artist in the waiting room of a rich man", "the Last meal of the martyrs" (at the Academy of fine arts), "Roman bath", "The caretaker-poor", "Campo scelerato — slaves crucified on the cross," "Street in Subbiano".
Most of the works Bronnikova is in Russia, but also acquired many fans from England, America, Hungary, Italy and Denmark. Recent works include: "Abandoned" artwork, owned by the Danish Queen; "Vagrants in the square Popolo in Rome" acquired Barrett from London. Bronnikov almost exclusively devoted himself to paintings of ancient Roman life and the Italian genre. When the great drawing and excellent coloring, Bronnikov is soft colors, soft tones, a strong expression of the figures and entities.