Alexander
Ivanovich Murychev

Russia • 1918−1986

Biography and information

Born September 14, 1918 in the village Onufrieva Isetsky district of the Tyumen region. Worked in the Tyumen art Studio at the House of pioneers (1938-1941) Mitinskaya A. P., V. F. Dubicki and Studio "Vsekohudozhnik" in Moscow (1946) from B. V. Johanson. A member of the artists Union of the USSR from 1961. Graphic artist, painter. Author of landscapes, still-lifes, thematic compositions. Worked in watercolors, linocuts, woodcuts. Participant of city, regional, zonal, Republican, all-Union exhibitions. Solo exhibitions: 1988 (Tyumen, TKG; Tobolsk, THIS). Works are TMII, THIS and many Russian museums. Died in Tyumen.

(Artists Of Tyumen. The anniversary album.- Sci. Obl. the on-Iya Union hood. Russia,1994.-P. 118-119)

Painter, graphic artist. Author of landscapes, still-lifes, thematic compositions, he worked in watercolors, linocuts, woodcuts, was born in the village Onufrieva Isetsky district of the Tyumen region. Worked in Tyumen the art Studio at the house of pioneers Mitinskaya A. P., V. F. Dubnickova in the Studio "Vsekohudozhnik" in Moscow from B. V. Johanson. A member of the artists Union from 1961

In 1940, A. P. Mitinskaya celebrated talent and artistic flair Turner Sasha murycheva. He studied in the Studio of the Palace of pioneers from September 1938 to September 1941. Come to class in the evenings. The day was busy with manufacture of furniture in the farm "Victory".

In February 1942 the young man was called in to train the replacement battalion. Built second the way of the road Vologda-Arkhangelsk, participated in the defeat of Stalingrad the German group worked in the defensive squad on the line Bataysk-Salsk. Kharkiv, Bilokorovychi, Sarny, Rivne, Lutsk, these train stations were vosstanavlivaet with the participation of A. I. Sarycheva. At mine clearing of one of the objects lost a leg.

In November 1945, I. A. Murychev came back from the hospital in Tyumen. After working for six years in the Tyumen Museum of local lore, in 1951, moved to Tyumen Association "Artist". In 1956, the painter took part in Irkutsk zonal exhibition next year - Republican in Moscow. Then was exhibited still life "Dumplings" and landscape "River Tour".

Another zonal exhibition (it was held in Tyumen in late 1979 early 1980s) Alexander has produced a series of linocuts "City of Priirtyshye", showing it Gornopravdinsk, Khanty-Mansiysk, Tobolsk, Yalutorovsk.

For the 400th anniversary of Tyumen, the artist produced a series of color prints. They created a true representation of the city, connecting in his character of the old decor, wooden houses and concrete power of the modern buildings.

At the same time, the artist developed the series of colored linocuts of the machine United by the name of "Architectural motifs of Tyumen". In the mid-80s appear "Yard in Tyumen", "District", "Tyumen street."

I. A. Murychev in life was modest. Listened with interest to the critical opinions of his colleagues and friends, closely analyzing his work. To make your own exhibition shied away. But gradually preparing for first exhibition.

Personal exhibition of works of Alexander Ivanovich murycheva took place in the year of his seventieth birthday. But the day did not live two years before this event: rapidly progressive illness cut short the life of an artist.

I. A. Murychev awarded the order "Patriotic war of II degree, the medal "For defense of Stalingrad".

The true Siberian

He left a large artistic legacy, part of which is preserved in the funds of the Tyumen Museum of fine arts. Murychev was born in the village of Isetsky Onufrieva Rayo, which was the most "productive", wealthy peasants-urban farms where originally lived a family of old believers. It was a war, was seriously wounded. In 1946, he decided to promote art education in Moscow, worked in the Studio "Vsekohudozhnik" which was led by leading Soviet painter, academician Boris Ioganson. And personal skills A. Murychev received before the war in Tyumen, in the House of pioneers at the Mitino and V. A. Dubovitsky. Creative activity of Alexander falls for 60 years. Then in Tyumen Union of artists joined the graduates of Minsk universities who had increased the capacity of local artists. Murychev shown at exhibitions of various works, but all had bright individual style, and acted primarily as a graphic artist, although he developed his beautiful data B. Johansson. This is easily seen by looking at the pictures of the late 50-ies — the "self" and "Our street Tyumen". They were admired by all, without exception, the passionate intensity of the color and energetically laid strokes. But still Murychev from painting moved away for a long time. He created large-sized colored linocuts. Prints, as they were called, were very popular in 60-ies. They met the spirit of the time. Even held the all-Russian exhibition of printmaking in Moscow. Prints adorned the interiors of all reputable institutions, homes of the new settlers numerous buildings. Preference in the Tyumen industrial Union of artists-North theme. But Murychev avoided. He made a large series of linocuts about the village life of 20-30 years, the growers. Rhythmic, expertly crafted composite sheets had "bread" — a Golden-brown color and was attracted by its decoration. But in the early 70-ies came out in print in album of color prints, dedicated to our city. This was probably the first art album on Tyumen, which is one piece, with love showed the way and protected the city, and modern buildings. Alexander did a lot of field sketching, which is now a great documentary value, because the old city is lost. With interest his linocuts of the old Tobolsk. He became a member of the artists Union in 1961 and participated actively in all exhibitions, including in the capital. A. Murychev has kept the tradition of local artists who worked before the war, but withdrew from their intimacy. His work has always been vigorous, interesting in color contrast. In the early 80-ies Alexander was engaged only in painting and created a number of landscapes Tyumen. Moreover, when the precise nature in the films "District", "Tyumen", "Tyumen yard", with all the signs, if literal, what is called geographical mapping, just there is no such place. Here "Tyumen yard", 1983, it combines two very interesting places — the courtyard with an ornate wrought iron gate and house outbuilding Yasha Gatchina on Lenin street, and the space behind it building of the Republic. The building is typical reminiscent of the current culture Institute, and through the dense foliage of the poplar is visible a very high prefabricated house. But authenticity is not in literal geograficznej, and the spirit, "guts" is depicted. Here is a special Siberian "condulet". It is in every landscape. Nostalgia there. The image and the plot of this once and for all. Here it is the unshakable strength of the Siberian city and nature.

I. A. Murychev has created amazingly accurate in its imagery and poetic characteristic, expressive and memorable portrait of Tyumen. Almost every print he gives a detailed inscription with the exact street name, house number. The entrance to the plane of the painting in many of his landscapes ("a Yard in Tyumen", "Tyumen", "Old town") starts in the bottom right - diagonal roads, transferred to a large flexible brush leads the viewer's eye into the canvas, reinforcing the illusion of space. However, on the back, the third plan it is closed or the plane of the wall of the Church, or parts of the houses framed by lush crowns and at the top of the strip of cloudy sky...

Architectural landscapes murycheva a tranquil and harmonious - as if to invite us, after the artist, to mentally take a walk through the streets and neighborhoods of the old city, carefully scrutinize his features, to feel their originality, and poetics.