Sergey Arsenievich Vinogradov
(1 (13) of June, according to others — 1 (13) July 1869, a Large Salt — February 5, 1938, Riga) is a talented Russian artist, the master of impressionistic landscape and interior work, the apprentice Vasily Polenov
the teacher at the Stroganov school of industrial art. One of the founders of the Union of Russian artists, organizer of the "exhibition of works of 36 artists" and the exhibition of Russian painting in the United States.Features of the artist Sergei Vinogradov:
the paintings of Vinogradov is inherent in the abundance of air and light and the overall joyful mood. Considered to be one of the representatives of the Russian impressionistic painting, but in the last period of creativity back to the tradition of realism. Famous paintings by Sergei Vinogradov: "Baby"
, "Northern village"
, "In the summer"
, "In the house"
, "Southern night"
The fate of Sergei Vinogradov has developed better than many other Russian artists of the XIX and XX centuries. He lived a happy life, received a recognition, not hungry even in the first years after the revolution, have seen the world and left behind many grateful students. And after death was almost forgotten. Soviet art historians about Vinogradov, who spent 15 years in Latvia, are rarely remembered. Of interest to the artist revived during the perestroika years, when his paintings began to "float" on the Russian auction Christie's and Sotheby's to go under the hammer for an impressive amount.Student years
The future artist was born in Great Salt Kostroma province in the family priest. The village stands on the Bank of the river, was surrounded by forests and groves, famous for its Church architecture and skilled craftsmen. Subsequently, the artist Sergei Vinogradov will depict and peasant life, religious subjects, but his main passion will be the scenery of nature he adored.
Serge spent hours watching the work of living next to an icon painter and never parted with paper and pencils. Parents supported the choice of his son and at 11 years of age sent him to the Moscow school of painting, sculpture and architecture.
The boy moved in with the Professor Yevgraf Sorokin
who was also a native of the Big Salts. In addition to Sorokin, the classes were Vladimir Makovsky
, Illarion Pryanishnikov
Vasily Dmitrievich Polenov. As one of the famous artists and members of the Association of traveling art exhibitions.
Wanderers gave the young talent is not only creative freedom but also the opportunity to earn. They organized public exhibitions of student work. Vinogradov presented to them genre drawings and sketches, which depicted the peasants, workers and residents of small towns, Church subjects. Muscovites willingly bought the drawings, and teaching, the Council encouraged the author with brushes, paints and even money.
In Paris was the Louvre, and in Moscow was not yet the Tretyakov gallery. But the collection of patrons that formed the basis of the main Russian museums already formed. Polenov took students to the home of Sergei Tretyakov Prechistensky Boulevard and Pavel Tretyakov in Lavrushinsky lane, where they saw a live of the work of Corot, Delacroix, Ingres, Courbet and many other great painters.
At the age of 20 Sergey Vinogradov received the title of class artist and entered the St. Petersburg Academy, abandoned, ill with typhus. And at 21, he moved to Kharkov, where he was offered the position of teacher of drawing at a vocational school with the exemption from military service. Cut off from friends, in the next eight years, he at every opportunity, escaped to Moscow.
But in Kharkov it time was not wasted. Each student Michael Spring
recalled: "James started [...] a little dandy with a haircut, he always smelled like Cologne and perfume. She studied French, read a lot"
Vinogradov had often visited the estates of the Moscow sugar magnate and collector Pavel Kharitonenko located in the province of Kharkov. Participated in aristocratic entertainments — trips to the trotters, hunting for hares. And continually wrote, focusing on genre scenes from village life (1
Already in youth work "Pier on the Volga"
(1885) and "The tavern"
(1887) "breaks" impressionistic vision Vinogradova. But ideologically, a young artist, like most of his friends, gravitated to the Wanderers. In the partnership it was only in 1899, when the artist's views on art began to change gradually.
In Moscow, where Vinogradov returned, after transfer at the Stroganov school, he became close to By Konstantin Korovin
. Artists often went on nature, fished on the river Nerl. Sometimes they were joined by Valentin Serov
and Feodor Chaliapin
In 1902 Vinogradov together with Basil Perepletchikova went North. The road passed through Rybinsk, Arkhangelsk
. Was on the Server Dvina, the Sukhona and the White sea by the Solovetsky Islands. On this trip, the artist brought the famous "Northern village"
, which clearly shows the transition Vinogradova to impressionism.
A talented organizer
At the turn of the century Russian painting sought a way out of the crisis of ideas of academic and peredvizhnichestva. Sergey Diaghilev spent in Petersburg the exhibition "world of art", and Vinogradov, with the support of Korovin and Perepletchikova
organized in Moscow "Exhibition of 36 artists". The first successful exhibition was followed by a second, and in 1903 their members founded the Union of Russian artists. Vinogradov, which left the Association of the Wanderers was elected to the Committee.
A connoisseur and lover of French paintings, the artist often helped the collectors. In 1902 in Paris Vinogradov advised Mikhail Morozov. Among other Muscovites took works by Gauguin, Cezanne, Degas. The most successful acquisition was "Portrait Of Jeanne Samari"
Renoir bought for 20 thousand francs Ambroise Vollard
(now kept in the Hermitage).
Remaining in Paris, Vinogradov often visited the gallery Durand-Ruel
and admired the works of the Impressionists. More than others he admired Renoir: the French influence of the painter is visible in the picture Vinogradova "Spanish dancer (Otero)"
Success and abundance.
At the end of zero – the beginning of the ten years of the Central theme of creativity of Sergey Vinogradov becomes a noble mansion. Ten years he came to visit the estate in Golovinka, Tula province, owned by Vsevolod Mamontov. Writing genre paintings, landscapes and interiors, "in the Summer" (1908), "Flower garden"
(1910), "In the house"
(1914). Imbued with the lyricism of the work glorified a way of life that irrevocably left in the past.
In 1912 Vinogradov was awarded the title of academician. He draws children's books. During the First world war draws propaganda posters (1
). Participates in European exhibitions of the Union of Russian artists. And even tries himself in the role of the literary critic.
This is the most successful period in the life of the artist Sergei Vinogradov: snapping up his paintings before the exhibition's opening, he finds personal happiness. The wife of 49-year-old Vinogradov becomes his ex-student, 33-year-old Irina Voitsekhovskaya
Revolution and emigration
The events of 1917, the year Vinogradova initially inspired. He tried to fit into the new reality and even participated in the design of the Moscow Kremlin for the first anniversary of the revolution.
Soon the enthusiasm gave way to bitterness. The artist watched the plundering of palaces and manor houses of friends, patrons and the heyday of the left art, displaces all other directions. Constructivism with its angular forms he did, and exhibition of realistic painting in Moscow are no longer conducted. To help needy artists, Vinogradov took up the organization of the exhibition of Russian art in the United States.
Two years of trouble, and in December, 1923, the work was shipped by sea to new York. Arkhipov
himself Vinogradov — in a building on Lexington Avenue housed more than one thousand works by nearly one hundred authors. The exhibition attracted 17 thousand visitors but sold only a tenth of the work...
In the Soviet Union Vinogradov has not returned. In the autumn of 1924 he settled in Riga, soon there came wojciechowska. Initially, the artist taught at the Studio Nikolay Bogdanov-Belsky
then he opened his own school. He returned to the landscapes, which was inspired by the picturesque the nature of Latgale
and religious subjects — a series of 15-minute work depicted the types of the Pskov-caves monastery (1
), which at that time was in Estonia. Hours worked in the open air and was still worried that little time. "I would like to have two pairs of hands and two hearts in time to capture everything that excites"
— wrote Vinogradov.
In Latvia, the artist quickly gained recognition and respect. He published memories of meetings with the leaders of Russian culture from Tolstoy and Chaliapin to Polenov and Levitan. Exhibitions of his disciples and solo exhibitions. The local press wrote: "...Vinogradov is an amazing artist, what he touched, everything suddenly begins to tremble and glow. On these canvases spilled gentle and exquisite joy, in this world you want to live"
In January 1938, after the funeral of another artist, Vinogradov came down with pneumonia. On 4 February, the day before he died, he said: "But I'm going to die, though even so I would like to work"
. Author: Larissa Kuzara