France • 1861−1932

Louis Personal (FR. Louis Anquetin, January 26, 1861, Etrepagny — August 19, 1932, Paris) — French painter and art theorist, one of the founders of synthetism in painting.

Louis Personal in 1881 went to Paris and studied at the art Studio of léon Bonnat. There he met Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, with whom later were friends for many years. After the closure of the Studio Bonn friends enrolled at the Atelier Cormon. At Cormon Louis Questionnaire was considered the most promising student.

Approximately in 1885, the prevailing Ankeena, Toulouse-Lautrec, eugène BOSH, Fields Tamie and Vincent van Gogh so-called "Cormon" took the ideas of impressionism. In 1887 Vincent van Gogh exhibited in Paris cafe Tambourine a collection of Japanese graphics, which led Ankeena and Emile Bernard in the rapture, and served as the impetus for them to develop a new direction in painting, which became subsequently, in cloisonism. In 1894 Questionnaire and Toulouse-Lautrec went to Belgium and Holland to study the Dutch classical painting (Rembrandt, Rubens and others).

When he returned, the Questionnaire was discussed with other Impressionists (especially by Renoir) about the different approaches to oil painting old and modern masters. A significant part of his attention the artist paid to the reconstruction of a lost painting techniques of the old masters and returning to contemporary painting. For example, the Questionnaire assumed that the work of Rubens is first applied to the canvas in black and white, and then they are filled with paints. In the first half of the XX century the works of L. of Ankeena served as models for tapestries for the manufacture of specialized manufactories of France.

Louis Personal was friendly with many prominent artists of his time. Among the people close to him should be called the Paul Gauguin, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, Pablo Picasso, Emile Bernard. Chevalier of the Legion of honor.

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