Mihailovna Nemenova

Russia • 1905−1986

Painter. A certificate of completion issued by the CVC on the basis of the qualification Commission, who reviewed provided sketches and studies recent stage 4 of the course on skill.

Hertha M. was born in 1905 in Berlin, the son of a prominent scientist. In 1918, Mikhail Isaevich of Nemenov (1880 – 1950) was founded in Petrograd Institute of radiology. Brother Semenovoi, Leonid (1905-1980), also later became one of the key figures in Soviet science: a nuclear physicist, academician, the staff of I. V. Kurchatov was involved in the creation of the first Soviet thermonuclear bomb, for which he was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1953

In 1922, Gerta comes to training in the Leningrad Vhuteine, in the workshop of K. S. Petrov-Vodkin. These turbulent times are reflected in the memoirs of her husband-to-be artist Valentina Cordova , thanks to him, at the time the student Filonov, school MAI attends and Hertha Berlin .

Among peers, Hertha not lost, thanks to his charm and rare artistic talent. At the age of 18 she took part in "Exhibition of paintings of Petrograd artists of all directions. 1919-1923" at the Academy of Arts, the most epoch-making after the Revolution, which have made topical and articulatable in the near future avant-garde experiments. By the middle of 1920-ies in Leningrad enfant terrible status enjoyed by young artists, United in a group "Circle of Artists". Among them was Pakulin, Traugott, hares, his wife Kupervasser, Emelyanov and others. They also joined Hertha, who participated with them in the 3rd Exhibition in 1929.

1929 – the year of the dividing line between the young and Gerta Gerta, "infected" for many years to come French culture, Parisian art space. On the recommendation of a family friend of Lunacharsky, she was sent to continue his art education in Paris, accompanied by M. P. Christie, Director of the Tretyakov Gallery. In Paris there was a rapprochement with representatives of the Russian artistic colony: A. Benoit, S. Chekhonin and M. Larionov and N. Goncharova, who took Nemenova under his wing. To them she owes her acquaintance with the Parisian cultural elite: Picasso, Marquet, Leger, whose school Academie Moderne in Montparnasse she attended and received a diploma of the artist of the advertising business. This gave her the opportunity to work for some time in the company of automaker citroën. Communication with outstanding masters added confidence gerte, she has participated in several exhibitions: "Autumn Salon" and "Surindependants" ("Verhnesvirsky"), the last of which Nemenova presented five paintings. One of them – "Ballerina" (brought from Leningrad) — was particularly well received by the local audience. Upon returning home Hertha is particularly intensively worked as a painter, however, it became clear that in the Soviet Union art "French" accent was not that late, but in some way dangerous. Began widespread persecution of the "formalist", "non-aligned" that avoids across-the unification of masters.

At that time a refuge for "French" (such as Stipa, Lebedev, assumption, Lapshin) was a graphical Experimental Lithographic Workshop of the Leningrad Union of Artists. Nemenova in 1936 began to work in the chart, her first series of the illustrations to the novel of abbé prévost's "Manon Lescaut" — has been unconditionally accepted for publication, the book was published for mass circulation. In 1939, the success also accompanied her illustrations to the novel of R. Aldington "True Paradise".

At the beginning of the war, Gert and her little son Sasha Cordova managed to evacuate from besieged Leningrad to Kazan, where she worked until 1944 as a graphic designer in the local drama theater. Two productions – Carlo Goldoni's "the Servant of two masters" and Ostrovsky's play "Hot heart" Hertha M. issued in conjunction with the famous "banovallum" Osmerkin.

After the war Semenovoi was not easy. After parting with Valentin by Cordovil, she retreated into a world of experiences and reflections. All modern art was measured from the highest rankings – that would make of Larionov and Goncharova. And although it practically ceased to participate in exhibitions and other custom software, Gerta was always surrounded by admirers — young artists and poets, who acknowledged her superiority in many judgments and disputes. Among them were those who later became the face of alternative culture in Leningrad: Mikhnov-Voitenko, Erl, Bogdanov, Kozyrev, kuzminska, Khvostenko. Hertha M. was able to attract attention to its extraordinary creativity. In 1950-70-ies, it has created portraits in the technique autolithographies many outstanding figures of art and literature: Dostoevsky, Gogol, Marceau, Kafka, Blok, Chaplin, Wilde, the poet, the theatre and circus series, urban Leningrad motives.

In 1960 in Leningrad came to Eric Estorick, London Marchand, the owner of one of the best collections of Italian futurists. Delighted with the quality and originality of the leaves Leningrad graphs, in the following year he staged a fashion show in his Grosvenor Gallery in London and later in new York. On the poster, as well as the review by the respectable "the times" was printed Semenovsky "Gogol". From the exhibition of this portrait was purchased at the MOMA (Museum of Modern Art in new York). In 1986 Gert Nemenova died in his room in a communal apartment on Grand Avenue Petrograd side of Leningrad, the city which she had adored and who adored her.

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