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France • 1875−1947

Name Albert Marquet (FR. Albert Marquet, 27 March 1875, Bordeaux — 13 June 1947, Paris) is often mentioned beside the name Matisse. Indeed, with the great master of Fauvism, they were friends from the moment of meeting at the School of decorative arts, which was studied from 15 to 20 years. This friendship lasted until the death Marches.

Albert Marquet, the son of a railway employee in Bordeaux, drew from childhood on with all that arm will fall of coal on the floor, pencil on the margins of school notebooks. He regularly went to the local Museum, where he admired Rubens, Veronese and Murillo. Parents didn't mind his Hobbies, and after finishing School decorative arts albert along with Matisse entered the School of fine arts on a course to Gustave Moreau. Both called Moreau his first teacher and all his life he recalled with great warmth.

In the workshop of Moreau was found by those who in the future will be the core of Fauvism: Matisse, RUO, Dogwood. In 1898, Gustave Moreau died, and Marquet, and Matisse immediately left the School. So official confirmation of the proud title of artist albert Marquet managed to get just the ID of an elementary school teacher.

In late 1890–early 1900's Marche writes in the impressionistic style. His favorite genre is landscape. It is the scenery will bring brand recognition. Gradually he moves away from impressionism and Matisse shares with his fascination with wild color.

In 1905-1906 Marche has exhibited his paintings at the Salon of independents, together with Matisse, Derain, Vlaminck. At the salon d'automne Voxel said the historic definition of fauve (FR. wild) in respect of their works, resulting in "and became Fauvism". Even during the peak of the popularity of Fauve works Marche seemed quite restrained on the background of the works of the associates. Compare the unrestrained brightness, color, literally, rage of the period Matisse, Derain, Vlaminckand Marche. His "wildness" seems more light and airy than his colleagues, and with the prospect he is in no hurry to say goodbye, creating it a variation of color saturation. By the way, Derain, and Vlaminck pretty soon moved away from the over proclaimed principles. Yes there is, at the very Matisse colour riot, soon gave way to subtlety and depth, while maintaining a radiant glow.

Marche has always been a faithful "father Matisse", as the fauves were called their leader and older friend, but out of his brush paintings are hard to call "wild". On the contrary, they are gentle, quiet, I want to say – intelligent. They seem to bear the imprint of the modesty of their author. Talking about the brand not as a Fauvist. There was such a definition as the "Paris Marche" – a lyrical, clearly love, light, gray – but gray was no despair will not find, it is transparent and fresh (1, 2). It argued that, in addition to the marches, only the Impressionists and Maurice Utrillocould so feel and display the breath and rhythm of Paris. Perhaps, it is not unreasonable.

Marche quite a lot of travel, often along with Matisse. Winter 1911-1912 years they spent in Algeria. In his paintings reflected travel to Italy, Tunisia, Morocco, Sweden, Austria. Neapolitan works are not of color, and especially lighting solution – they are unique transparent and shining. Often it seems that the artist uses watercolor and not oil. Warm ochre Hamburg Marchewarms, his Algeria dazzle white-purple glow. Henri Matisse said about his faithful companion Albert Marquet: "When I see HokusaiI think about our Brand, and Vice versa. I do not mean imitation will Hokusay, and similarity".

In the First World war, Matisse and Marquet rushed to the front, and not with a brush, and with arms in his hands. Not only that, the age they passed, and both were exempt from military service because of poor physique. They summon an audience with the Minister of war Marcel Samba, hoping to get permission to go to the front. However, Samba said that to serve the country they will have different: "By continuing to write well, what are you doing".

The love of his life, albert Marquet met in 45 years in Algeria. Marcel Marty, writer and journalist, accompanied him around the country as a guide. Three years later she got married and never parted. Marcel felt an inner loneliness and a deep shyness Marche, and was able to gently enter into it. On arrival in Paris, she became his liaison for all necessary external contacts, it formed connection with gallery owners and journalists, the maintenance of financial and economic Affairs. Their relationship was dominated by warmth and understanding, seriously faltering only once, when Marcel spoke about the baby. The artist refused, explaining that their concerns, as the child would not become unsociable and introverted, what was he. Madame Marquet was able to accept this approach and have remained beside her husband. They kept enough to travel, but always returned to Paris – this city was albert Marquet necessary for life and painting.

Marche was not a key figure in the history of painting, the leader who created or embodied the symbolism of the era. But it is with a lot of love has written many types of alluring Paris, shining and fascinating Naples of Algeria, which shroud its pure and freshness. And yet... he was an honest man. Matisse recalled how the marches once and for all weaned him to be late. As usual, pretty late to the meeting, the master didn't wait for mark and the next day blamed him for it. Marche genuinely surprised and said that was sure that Matisse did not come, because he came on time, waited for him a quarter of an hour and left. "You know Mark? He is not able to lie", with a laugh, told this story about Henri Matisse, acquired thus the habit of being punctual.

The second war of the Marche waited in Algeria. When he returned to Paris, was presented the Legion of honor, also he was offered membership in the Academy of arts. But completely indifferent even in his youth, to honor, and very embarrassing from close attention to the person and already have health problems, albert Marquet refused all regalia.

Author: Alain Esaulova

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