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Italia • 1444−1514

Youth spent in Urbino, where he was influenced by artists Piero della Francesca and Luciano Laurana. Began as a painter. In 1476, he was invited in this capacity to Milan to the court of Duke Lodovico Moro, where he met with Leonardo da Vinci, whose ideas in the field of urban planning has had a big influence on him.

From 1499, after the capture of Milan by the French troops moved to Rome. Here the art of Bramante acquired the classical clarity and monumentality. Most plastic relif he reached in a small chapel-rotunda of the Tempietto (1502) in the courtyard of the monastery of San Pietro in Montorio. When Pope Julia II became the chief papal architect; 1503 led on behalf of Julius II's extensive work in the Vatican. Designed and started to build the main Church of Rome's Cathedral. Peter in the Vatican (1505) and managed to build a temple to the height of the arches. The work of Bramante — one of the peaks of Renaissance architecture.

Youth spent in Urbino, where he took advanced humanistic ideas of Piero della Francesca and Luciano Laurana. Until 1477 moved to Milan, where he met with the architectural quest of Leonardo da Vinci. Initially worked as a painter, which was reflected in the first architectural work of Bramante - the rebuilding of the Church of Santa Maria presso San Satiro in Milan (1479-83): cutting off the main nave and transept massive round arches, Bramante used perspective painting and relief to depict overlapped in the same set of choir; Bramante made harmonious centric composition of sacristy and a small chapel of Removal from the cross. In the Church of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan (1492-97) Bramante formed a choir and bright and spacious crypt, crowned by a light cupola; the integrity of the design combined with the traditional architecture of Lombardy decorative. Bramante belongs the basic concept of the Cathedral in Pavia (1488-92), with a dome raised high on 8 slender poles over a large crypt.

After moving to Rome in 1499, Bramante took the leading place among the architects who designed the Italian style of the High Renaissance that influenced all European architecture. Strict and majestic completed Bramante in 1499-1511 the facade of the Palace Collection; its inner yard with 2 tiers of graceful arcades Bramante gave lightness and plasticity. The original composition of the courtyard of the Church of Santa Maria della Pace (1500-04), the poles of which in the lower tier are arcade, and at the top, alternating with Corinthian columns completed architectural overlap. Most plastic wholeness and clear, cheerful tune Bramante reached in a small domed chapel, the rotunda of the Tempietto (in the courtyard of the monastery of San Pietro in Montorio; 1502), the bottom is surrounded by a Roman Doric colonnade and dissected in both tiers of semicircular niches.

From 1503 Bramante led on behalf of Pope Julius II's extensive work in the Vatican. They created here the courtyard of San Damaso (circa 1510) and reaching a length of about 300 m, completed a huge niche in the courtyard of the Belvedere (1503-45) for tournaments and entertainment; the difference in the levels of its 3 terraces used to create the seats for spectators and a grotto with fountains. The courtyard of the Belvedere, developing the techniques of ancient Roman ensembles, the anticipated composition of the many villas next time. The rest of your life Bramante designed and built a Grand Cathedral of St. Peter in Rome. They were invited centric structure plan in the form of a square inscribed in a Greek cross, with a strong spherical dome over the Central crossing, 4 small domes and towers at the corners. The project was not implemented, but its ideas were embodied in many Central-domed buildings of Italy and other countries.

The work of Bramante - one of the peaks of Renaissance architecture. Bramante created architectural images, wonderful harmonious perfection and wholeness, a free, creative use of classical forms.

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