Израилевич Бродский

Russia • 1884−1939

In 1896 he graduated from Berdyansk City school. Considered as the birthplace of the city of Berdyansk. Since childhood showed a talent for painting. From 1896 to 1902 he studied at the Odessa art school under L. D. Iorini, K. K. Kostandi and G. A. Ladyzhensky. Then he moved to Petersburg and continued his studies at the municipal Academy of fine arts. For five years he studied at the Academy of Ilya Repin. Between 1909 and 1911 for the money Academy traveled to Germany, France, Spain and Italy, in particular, visited on the island of Capri Gorky.

Before the October revolution of 1917, Brodsky participated in exhibitions at the Academy of fine arts and the society of South Russian artists, the Association of traveling art exhibitions. From 1932 he was a Professor from 1934 . Director of the Russian Academy of arts in Leningrad.

In the vast, rich pictorial, sculptural and graphic works by Soviet Leniniana special fame and love enjoys one outwardly modest canvas. Lenin is depicted in a small room of the Smolny, where it is still preserved in a room of cool ladies here recently, former Noble institution—upholstered furniture in a simple, white covers. Vladimir Ilyich sitting at a round table. He looks tired and tense, exhausting rhythm of the first days of October. On the knees of his notebook, which he quickly puts may be abstracts or appeal to the people may be, the decree of the new government. It's hard to break away from this pattern, so seemingly unspectacular on its compositional structure, no paint performance.

The painting "Lenin in Smolny", written by Isaac Izrailevich Brodsky in 1930, immediately after his appearance has become one of the most popular works on the image of the great leader.

Behind the artist, his artistic heritage by that time was already more than one work depicting Vladimir Lenin. This is a huge, multi-figured painting "the Solemn opening of the II Congress of the Comintern" (1924), "Lenin's Speech at a rally of Putilov plant workers in may 1917" (1929) portrait and such works as "Lenin on the background of the Kremlin" (1923), "Lenin on the tribune" (1925), "Lenin on the background of the Smolny" (1925), etc. Brodsky became an acknowledged master and a classic Leninist theme in Soviet art.

To the artist was entrusted with such an honorable and responsible mission—to capture for his contemporaries and successors expensive for all mankind^ the image of the great Lenin, had not only great professional skills, but also great artistic and social authority. For good reason, as A. V. Lunacharsky, the first Commissar of the Soviet Republic on the arts, writing Brodsky permit drawing of Lenin in his study from nature, brought in the mandate of these words: "ethically and politically quite reliable." And many in the creative biography of the artist confirms these words.

Brodsky was the favorite pupil of the great Russian artist I. E. Repin, where he studied in the Higher art school Academy of arts of five years (1902-1907) and did not interrupt the cordial relations until the last years of the life of the famous wizard. "Ilya Repin,— Brodsky spoke, I perceived his attitude to art, love and a serious approach to art as business". The first Russian revolution of 1905-1907 and replied at the Academy, where meetings were held with red flags. They students demanded the democratization of the internal regulations of this higher art institutions of Russia. Brodsky elected to the Board of elders, but there comes a period of reaction and soon as politically unreliable are expelled from school. And even re-exams were not opened to him the doors of the Academy, only the intercession of Repin and rector of the Academy V. A. Beklemishev allowed Brodsky to finish it. His success was so significant that the Council of the Academy extends his term trips abroad.

Early works of the artist are attracted to sophisticated beauty, jewelry linear detail, optimism, poetic perception of the world. These are the "portrait of the wife" (1910), "the Tale" (1911), "Italy" (1911), "Portrait of Talalaeva" (1913). This line of his work entirely within the mainstream of European modernism, several of the cabin with its spicy exotic, high color and graphic sophistication. The best features of his style manifested in the landscape works and portraits. Being in Italy, Brodsky met with M. Gorky, painted his portrait, and friendships between them.

Best landscape, in which he expressed a particular fondness of the artist to beauty of Northern Russian nature and his desire for great style, was the painting "Winter landscape" (1918-1920). She performed almost the Bruegel scale landscape image, with all the distinctive features of the jewelry techniques of the artist, striking monumentality and poetic force.

The great October socialist revolution ushered in the Brodsky master of large-scale multi-figure paintings. He conceives a cycle "the Russian Revolution" so great is the enthusiasm of the artist, who witnessed the great event. In this cycle he wanted "is able to reflect the greatness of our age, calmly and simply, the language of realistic art to tell about the great deeds and the days of the revolution, its leaders, heroes and ordinary soldiers".

The first picture of this series was "the Solemn opening of the II Congress...", the second"Execution of 26 Baku Commissars" (1925). In the Arsenal of the artist are tragic and paint, its method is enriched with a strict historicism, artistic imagery—documentary. In the process, Brodsky examines the necessary historical and iconographic material, eyewitness accounts, leaves the scene. So, working at the picture "Solemn opening of the II Congress of the Comintern", he has performed hundreds of portrait sketches of the leading figures of the international workers ' and Communist movement. Now and they—these workshops graphic portraits represent a precious historical and artistic material,

The main business of life Brodsky was his Leniniana— an outstanding achievement of Soviet art, its gold Fund. The artist first gave a convincing portrait and historical, artistic and human plans the image of the leader of the great October socialist revolution, the Builder and organizer of the first socialist state in the world. This is the eternal significance of Brodsky's.

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