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Franz von
Stuck

Germany 
1863−1928
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The son of the village Miller, Franz von Pieces he studied at the Royal school of arts and crafts in Munich, and then at the Munich Academy of arts. The background of the Pieces he was fond of new artistic techniques and genres, and together with Wilhelm Trubner founded in 1892 of the Munich secession.

Since 1895, the Grand Professor of the Academy of arts, among his pupils — Vasily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Josef Hengge, Georg Kars, Paul Schallreuter and Henry Striffler. In 1906, Franz von Pieces received a title of nobility. In line with Franz von Munich and Friedrich August von Kaulbach background Pieces is a bright representative of the Munich school of fine art.

German painter and sculptor, one of the leaders of symbolism in European art of XIX-XX centuries. Born Grand in Tettenweis 23 Feb 1863 in Bavarian peasant family. Arriving in Munich, worked in the years 1881-1884 in the city of arts and crafts school and the Polytechnic.

In 1885 Franz von Pieces attended the Munich Academy of arts, but the artist was basically self-taught. Influenced by Arnold Bocklin.

In his youth Pieces worked as a artist press (for the magazine "Jugend", "pan" and other publications). Pieces was one of the founders (1892) and President of the Munich secession", he was making posters for his exhibitions; composition with Athena-Athena (1889) became a popular symbol of this Association. Pieces won fame for its allegoric, mythological paintings, where the characteristic symbolism of the theme "fatal" erotic attraction and rampant irrational, "demonic" elements was especially catchy, often brutal terms ("Fighting fauns", 1889, New Pinakothek, Munich; "Lucifer", 1890, national gallery, Sofia; "the Kiss of the Sphinx", 1895, Museum of fine arts, Budapest; "the Orgy", 1905, Kunsthalle, Bremen). He created became the archetypal images of women-the vamp ("Sin", 1893, New Pinakothek; "Salome" in 1906, the House-Museum of F. von Lenbach) and military violence ("War", 1889, Neue Pinakothek).

Franz von Pieces took many features of the transition epochs, which in historical terms was the art Nouveau style.

Deliberately being in the way that had captivated such well-known artists of the late XIX - early XX century, as Vrubel, Gauguin, Munch, searches for the meaning of life, clues future of humanity, uncovering the loneliness of the individual amid the global universe, he tried to think about the intersection of spiritual and physical beauty and visible reality of the human form. Not all convincingly associated in the creative pursuit of Franz von Grand. They can find examples of coexistence alien to each other aesthetics and stylistic devices. Pieces combine in his paintings the features of academic naturalism and art Nouveau. Under the influence of Friedrich Nietzsche had created a fiction-allegorical works, imbued with a deliberately brutal symbolism. But in moments of epiphanies this artist was born so the original connection of poetry and revelatory study of romanticism and naturalism, which, indicating a new understanding of the possibilities of art, was a real structural opening. Such works shocked the audience, often causing confusion and scandal among the public, but later received high praise for its poetic tone and originality of thought.

Franz von Pieces also known as portrait ("self Portrait with wife", 1907, Villa stuck; "Mary in a red hat", 1902, private collection; all work - in Munich). Produced spectacular decorative frames for his paintings. His gift of the designer-decorator turned in the construction and decoration of private houses - Villas Thing for which he executed a series of bronze sculptures ("Athlete", "Amazon", 1890) and decorative panels (Pumpiansky wall, etc.). He taught at the Munich Academy of arts.

Died Pieces in Munich on 30 August 1928.

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