Michal Elviro

Poland • 1837−1893

Pupil of the Moscow School of painting and sculpture. In 1857, the Academy awarded the title of free artist for "portrait of a student". (Kondakov)

Vilna was born in a family of Italian immigrants, a veteran of Napoleon's army. In 1855 Andreolli moved to Moscow, where he first studied medicine, and then entered the School of painting, sculpture and architecture. In 1858, he continued his studies at the Imperial Academy of arts in St. Petersburg, and upon its completion in 1861 went to Rome, where he studied painting at the Academy of San Luca. Upon returning to Poland in 1863 Andreolli took part in the Warsaw uprising against Russia, was arrested, but escaped from prison and went to London and then to Paris. As the emissary of the Committee of the Polish emigration, he returned to ruled by Russia part of Poland, but was arrested again and exiled to Vyatka. Here he was actively and successfully worked, in particular, painted the newly built Church of the Orthodox monastery and performed for her iconostasis. In Vyatka Andriolli have studied the future artist-academician of Apollinary Vasnetsov. Released in 1866, Andriolli settled in Warsaw, where he studied illustration published in Polish periodicals — "the Illustrated journal", "Literary conversations" and others. At the same time the artist worked on the drawings for the works of the classics of Polish literature, Mickiewicz, Slovak and Kraszewski for various publishers. In the years 1879-1882 Andreolli created the cycles of illustrations to the poems of Adam Mickiewicz's "pan Tadeusz" and "Conrad Wallenrod," which today are recognized as masterpieces of the Polish book graphics. In 1883-1886, the artist worked in Paris, where he illustrated by the order of the publishing house "Firmin-Didot" is the number of works of Shakespeare, Gautier, and the works of James Fenimore Cooper. Illustrations to the novels of Cooper's "Spy," "the Last of the Mohicans," "Deerslayer," "Pathfinder," "Pioneers", "Prairie" — one of tops of creativity of the artist. Andriolli managed to create a sublimely romantic characters, and at the same time extremely accurately convey the atmosphere and details of everyday life of American colonists and Indians. Returning home, he continued work as on magazine and book graphics and monumental painting and painted several churches in Kovno. The last years of his life Andreolli spent mostly at his home in the suburbs of Warsaw, on the banks of the river Swider. This house was built and decorated according to the individual project of the artist, and aroused great interest of the local society, so Andriolli received a lot of orders for projects like houses. Crowned with the glory of the prominent painter, graphic artist, Illustrator and architect, Andriulli died in 1893.

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