Biography and informationEdit
Vienna, 30 March 1868 – 18 October 1918 Vienna - Austrian painter-decorator and painter.
He first studied at the request of his parents business in High school in Vedène, but in 1885 he passed the entrance exam to the Academy of fine arts. In March of that year, Moser enrolled in a painting course, which was led by Professor Franz Rumpler (1848-1922).
From 1888 Moser worked in his own Studio on the Rennweg street, drawing illustrations for the magazine of the Vienna fashion and drawings for the humorous weekly.
In 1892 went to study at the art School at the Museum of fine arts in Vienna.
The position of teacher of drawing in the Schloss Varkala, where he taught the children of Archduke Karl Ladwig, allowed him to be creative.
In 1894 he joined the future members of the Vienna Session and participated in the seminar "Club seven" in the cafe "Sperl".
Koloman Moser (ger. Koloman Moser, also known as Kolo Moser, 30 March 1868 — 18 October 1918, Vienna) — Austrian painter and graphic artist, one of the founders of the Vienna secession. Also known as a designer of various items: graphic work, including postage stamps, stained glass, ceramics, glass, furniture.
The artist's father, Joseph Moser, was Director of the gymnasium. After high school, Koloman Moser, without informing the parents, in 1885, passed the entrance examination to the Academy izbrannyh arts in Vienna. He studied there in the classes of Franz Rumpler (1886-1889), Christian Griepenkerl (1889-1890) and Matthias von Trenkwald (1890-1893). After his father's death in 1888, Moser was forced to Finance their education on their own, which made plenty of illustrations in magazines. In 1892-1893, respectively, on the recommendation of Trenkwald Mohair was an art teacher of children of Archduke Karl Ludwig in the castle of Wertholz in Reichenau an der RAX.
From 1892 to 1897, Moser was a member of the artistic Association Siebener Club (it. Siebener-Club), the predecessor of the Vienna secession. In the years 1893-1895 he studied with Franz games, and in 1897 became one of the founders of the Vienna secession. For the magazine of the secession, Ver Sacrum, he has created about 140 illustrations. In the fall of 1897 Koloman Moser made a trip through Munich, Nuremberg and Bamberg to Leipzig, Dresden and Prague.
In the 1890-ies Moser did a lot of crafts, it has had a great influence the works of the Scottish modernists Charles Rennie Mackintosh and Margaret MacDonald Mackintosh, and the English Movement of arts and crafts. In 1899 he made another trip to Prague, Dresden and Berlin; in 1900 at the world exhibition in Paris via Munich and Strasbourg, in 1901 again to Bohemia and Munich. In 1902 moved to a new Atelier at Steinfeldgasse, 19, beat his furniture, created in his own projects. In the same year he made a trip to Italy. In 1902 he created along with artist Josef Hoffman and entrepreneur Fritz Waerndorfer the company Wiener Werkstätte ("Vienna workshops") for the production of industrial design for example arts and crafts. In the summer of 1903 Moser via Munich went to Bern, where he met with the Swiss artists Ferdinand Hodler, had a great influence on his work, and Kuno, Amie; then to Basel, Paris, Bruges, the Hague, Antwerp, lübeck, and Hamburg. In 1904 he again visited Italy, and in September of the same year to Berlin, where he participated in the first exhibition of Wiener Werkstätte.
The plaque on the apartment Moser on Landstrasser hauptstraße 138
In 1905 Koloman Moser, along with Gustav Klimt and the artists from the circle emerged from the Vienna secession, and on 1 July he married the daughter of industrialist Wee Mautner, and then moved to an apartment on Landstrasser hauptstraße 138. There he lived until his death. This house is now a plaque hanging. In 1906 the family was born the eldest son Carl. In 1907 Koloman Moser came out of the Wiener Werkstätte because of disagreements with Werndorfer, and began to devote more time to painting. In 1909 was born his second son Dietrich.
After 1907, Moser has regularly participated in exhibitions. So, in 1908 he participated in the exhibition in Vienna, organized group Klimt in 1909 in the international exhibitions in Vienna and düsseldorf. In 1911 he held his first solo exhibition in the gallery of Make in Vienna in 1912, he participated in a major exhibition in Dresden. Then he exhibited at the international exhibition of the secession in Rome, then in Dusseldorf and Mannheim in 1916 — at the Vienna exhibition in Berlin.
Koloman Moser died in 1918 of cancer of the throat and is buried in Gettingso cemetery in Vienna. In 1969 it was named after the alley in Vienna (Kolo-Moser-Gasse), and in 1989 coins were issued in denominations of 500 shillings with his portrait.
Koloman Moser is one of the most significant representatives of the Austrian, and particularly Viennese art of the early XX century, one of the most important representatives of Jugendstil. At an early stage in his style was influenced by impressionism, and later the work of Moser was under the strong influence of Ferdinand Hodler, with whom Moser personally met twice. In addition to painting, Moser went on to great fame as an artistic designer and representative decorative art.
The biggest art collection Koloman Moser is located in the Leopold Museum in Vienna.