Anshelevich Manevich

Ukraine • 1881−1942

Biography and information

Abram Anshelovich Manevich (November 25, 1881, Mstislavl, Mogilev province - June 30, 1942, New York, USA) - Ukrainian and Belarusian artist, master of landscape.

Features of the work of the artist Abram Manevich: in his works Manevich tried to reveal the deep energy of things and, at the same time, demonstrate their decorativeness. The aesthetics of his pictorial language was formed from the achievements of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism, it contained both the innovation of modernity and the achievements of the Ukrainian realistic school of painting. The artist most preferred to paint landscapes, created a number of remarkable urbanistic works saturated with light shadows and sunlight, extremely harmonious in color and compositional solution. Stained glass dark contours of branches and tree trunks - one of the remarkable features of his works.

Famous paintings by artist Abram Manevich: "Spring at Kurenevka", "Autumn. Dnepr "," Ghetto "," Winter. Canada".

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Abram Manevich was born into a patriarchal Jewish family and lived with his parents in the small Belarusian town of Mstislavl until the age of 20. Having moved to Kiev, the young man got a job in a signage workshop, after which he worked in a small factory making beds - Manevich painted the head of the landscape and flowers. Here, he was noticed by the director of the Kiev City Museum Nikolay Belyashevsky, and through his patronage in 1901, Abram Manevich entered the Kiev Art College. His fellow practitioners were Alexandra Exter, Aristarkh Lentulov, Alexander Arkhipenko. Thanks to the efforts of Belyashevsky, Manevich received financial support from the philanthropist Baron Ginzburg and from 1905 to 1907 continued his art education at the Munich Academy of Arts.

At the end of 1909, the first personal exhibition of Abram Manevich opened in the Kiev City Museum, which was a great success with the public and critics. The wonderful landscapes and the artist’s ability to convey all the beauty and depth of nature were especially noted. The proceeds from the sales went on a foreign tour - Manevich visited Switzerland, Italy, France. On the island of Cyprus, the artist met and made friends with Maxim Gorky, who subsequently repeatedly visited Manevich in Kiev, and also received him at his summer house in Finland.

In 1913, the famous Parisian Marchand, the pioneer of many famous impressionists, Paul Duran-Ruelle, arranged in his gallery an exhibition of the works of Abram Manevich - and did not fail. The Parisian public was delighted with the stunning scenery. Critics wrote laudatory articles, one of the paintings acquired the Luxembourg Museum ... He was invited to New York, called to London - however, the artist returned to his native Kiev. In 1916, his exhibitions were held in St. Petersburg and Moscow - and again success.

After the October Revolution, Manevich actively joined the movement of Ukrainian artists and became a professor of landscape painting at the newly organized Ukrainian Academy of Arts. However, the constant change of power in revolutionary Kiev, hunger and cold made Manevich think about leaving abroad. The last straw was the tragic death of his son in 1919. With the help of Maxim Gorky, the artist, together with his wife and two daughters, came to New York in 1922 through Minsk, Warsaw and London.

Manevichs settled in the Bronx, next door to David Burliuk. The artist liked America, he was still active, worked a lot and regularly participated in exhibitions. He liked his paintings, they were bought by museums and collectors. In 1935, Abram Manevich met the famous physicist Albert Einstein, who became one of the faithful admirers of his talent. They were friends for many years. Before the death of the artist, Einstein sent him a letter in which there were such lines: “We both serve the stars. You are an artist, I am a scientist. ” Abram Manevich passed away in 1942. 30 years later, his daughter, Lyusya Manevich, according to the will of her father, donated 48 paintings by the artist to the National Art Museum of Ukraine.