Netherlands • 1697−1750

Student A. Bonina developed, however, mainly to himself, through the study of good masters and sketches from nature. He painted portraits, genre paintings, theatrical scenery and room panels, but made himself known primarily numerous drawings of scenes from the life of the contemporary Dutch society, full of peculiar technical device, pastels, gouache, watercolor. Comedy and satire, which he mostly made in these scenes, approved him the nickname "Dutch Hogarth". The concept of art So better just give a number of his paintings on scenes from the Dutch of plays his time (nah. in the Hague Mus.), his own portraits (the same in Amsterdam. Mus.), portrait of five medical inspectors of the Board (in Amsterdams. Mus.), "A lecture of anatomy of a corpse" (ibid.) and portrait group of Regents of orphanage (rotterdams. Gal.). Doing, in addition to drawing and painting, also the engraving was published ten prints, full black style, and two etchings.

One of the most famous Dutch painters of the XVIII century, Trost studied by Arnold van Banana, the master group portraits. In this genre began to work and Trost ("the anatomy Lesson of Professor Rulla", 1729, Amsterdam, GOS. Museum; "the Regents of the Amsterdam shelter for the poor", 1729, ibid.; the "Guild of surgeons ", 1731, ibid.). His activity took place mainly in Amsterdam. His genre scenes, Hogarth close long positions and inherent attentive and satirical look at social mores and theatrical life of Holland XVIII century Such works as "the Feast of Siberia" (series of five paintings, the Hague, Mauritshuis)^ "Lovers" (1738), "Mocked the husband" (1739), "Play hide and seek" (Rotterdam, Museum Boijmans-van Beuningen Museum), reminiscent of the French "gallant holidays" and demonstrate delicate and exquisite technique of the artist, sometimes very unique (so often he mixed pastels with gouache - Amsterdam, GOS. Museum, a Cabinet of prints; Haarlem, Teylers Museum). Trost has also created excellent portraits (portraits of Jan Lapatka, 1729, Amsterdam, GOS. Museum; Hieronymous of Connemara son, 1736, Dublin, NAT. Gal.) and self-portraits (1720, Haarlem, Frans Hals Museum; 1737, Amsterdam, GOS. Museum, 1745, the Hague, Mauritshuis), and intimate genre scenes, executed in the tradition of P. de Hooch ("Garden", Amsterdam, GOS. Museum).

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