August Macke (it. August Robert Ludwig Macke; January 3, 1887, Meschede, Germany — September 26, 1914, Suan-Perth-Les-Orlu, France). German artist-expressionist, one of the leaders of the group «Blue rider».
Features of the artist August Macke: Style the Mac is ambiguous, it is difficult to accommodate within one flow. During his short life he was influenced by impressionism, expressionism and Fauvism, which was transformed in his paintings in their own, individual style. Matisse other authors inspired by the poppy on the less realistic, but more emotional approach to painting. This is facilitated by such techniques as deliberate distortion of form, chiaroscuro, the use of bright exotic flowers. But instead of the way of symbolism the poppy we see the manifestation of emotions and vivid impressions: joy and ease. The artist is adjacent to «The blue rider» the group, organized Kandinsky and Franz Marc. He also tries himself in figurative painting, but, unlike many artists, expressionists, always striving to the image of personified characters.
Famous paintings of the artist August Macke: «Embroiderer», «Portrait of the wife in a hat»,"Promenade".
Father August Macke — Friedrich Hermann Macke, was a building contractor and artist at the same time. His mother, Maria Florentine was descended from a farming family. The boy’s father not only drew, but he collected paintings and prints, impressions of which played a role in the future of avant-garde artist.
After the birth of a son, the family settled in Cologne, where the boy received his education in the gymnasium. In thirteen years, the August family moved to Bonn, where he studied at the Real school (Realgymnasium), where he develops new friends. At age 16 he meets Elizabeth, the sister of his friend, the industrialist, which later marries in 1909: it will become not only beloved, but also the best model for her husband, the artist.
To become, poppy decides to leave school; his father, although he was a connoisseur of art doesn’t support such an impractical solution. But the son insists on his own, and in 1904 throws a Real school and became a student at the Düsseldorf art Academy.
Mac is totally dedicated to learning and painting. But its absolutely not satisfied with the classical methods of training at the Academy, and, in the end, he throws and this place. His interest is not dead copying plaster casts and live plastic people and animals, which he strives to capture, capturing on paper. However, to continue to learn the craft you need: Mac attends evening classes in painting.
The creation of scenery for the drama theatre began to generate income, and the Mac can afford to travel: he’s discovering the world, visiting Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and the UK. In 1907, the artist first came to Paris, where he met the Impressionists and inspired their creativity. Then a few months poppy worked in the Studio Lovis Corinth in Berlin.
Wedding in 1909 allowed August Mack to not think about expenses: Elizabeth his wife was from a wealthy family, she was given a good dowry. The couple had two sons, after which the couple moved to live in the house for Tegernsee the lake. Here the artist was able to work productively.
A quiet family life does not become a stumbling block for activity Mac as an artist. He continued exhibition activity, to expand the circle of acquaintances. Due to its communication with Franz Marc, he met Wassily Kandinsky, who developed the ideas of non-objective painting. The result of this creative Union was the «Blue rider» — the Union of artists expressionists. They held their first exhibition in Munich. Constantly revolving among the authors-supporters of non-objective painting, the poppy is also tried in this direction. But after a while returned to his own style. In 1911 the artist’s family moved back to Bonn.
Meeting with Robert Delaunay was for Mac a revelation, a new page. Painting Delaunay, full of dynamics and rhythm, has had a major influence on the oeuvre of a German artist. Guillaume Apollinaire called this is the principle of painting «ahisma», but Mac once again chooses its own path, avoiding frame — based, but not obeying.
The next period of the artist’s work marks a new milestone, which was triggered by travel to exotic Tunisia in the company Paul Klee and Louis Mualem. During this period, August Mack creates works that are now considered masterpieces. Colors and shapes in his paintings are distorted, too contrasty, but due to this improbability, the author conveys the strongest emotions, feelings and mood. Daily and narrative do not convey the intended, and therefore not interested in Mac.
The beginning of the First world war, symbolizes the fatal countdown in the fate of the artist: he went as a volunteer to the front. At the end of the first month he was appointed company commander and was awarded the Iron cross.
On the second month of the war, September 26, 1914, August Macke died at the front in champagne. He was 27 years old. His last painting symbolically called «Farewell». The memory of her husband, his letters and the work was treasured by his wife, Elizabeth Mack. She has published two books of memoirs about the artist.
Author: Lyudmila Lebedeva