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France • 1803−1860

Biography and information

French painter and graphic artist. Belonged to the romantic school. Created compositions on literary, biblical and historical themes, landscapes, sharp political cartoons (including Carl's). In 1827-1828 years he lived in Turkey, created a series of scenes Eastern life ("Turkish patrol", 1831, "the Exit of children from a Turkish school," 1842, both in the Wallace collection, London), is marked by accuracy of observation, the fluency and naturalness of the composition. Democracy, sympathy for the disadvantaged was evident in genre paintings of the Dean of Parisian life ("Poor", 1845, the Hermitage, Leningrad).

Was a pupil of Alexander Alel de Piojos, but was formed not so much through his lessons as the direct study of nature. From the first steps in the artistic field showed extraordinary talent, he soon became one of the main representatives of the romantic movement in the French academic school, along with Ingres, Delaroche and Delacroix, the acknowledged master of the romantic landscape.

The artist is very prolific and varied — wrote with oil paints and watercolor genre scenes, historical paintings, landscapes and images of animals, lithographed many of his own compositions, was an Illustrator and cartoonist, cartoons reflecting the political events and social mores.

In 1827-1828 made a journey to Constantinople and Asia Minor. In the East learned the peculiar manner of transfer effect of the interpenetration of light and shadow. With rare originality, ingenuity in the writing and technical skills combined in their genres vitality, an uncanny sense of color and strength of light. Historical paintings are characterized, in addition to the advantages and nobility of the concept and style. Having studied in the East is not only local folk styles and way of life, but different species of animals, liked to portray the latter, often turning them into a clever parody of the man.

Fame brought the painting "the Turkish patrol" (1831, new York, Metropolitan Museum). Of his numerous works of genre is especially known: "Execution hooks in Asiatic Turkey" (1839), "art Lovers" (1839; people with the heads of monkeys see the picture), "Exit pupils of Turkish boys 'school" (1842, watercolor, in the highest degree remarkable for good-natured humour and subtle observation, expressed in her artist), "Bedouin Children playing on the beach with turtles", "the Monkey painter", "Memories of Turkey" (painting, better known as "Les canards"), "Don Quixote and Sancho Panza", "Monkey gazing into a mirror", "Hunting dogs", "East donkey in the barnyard", "Horse pulling bichebo" (Paris, Louvre) and "the Big Turkish Bazaar." Among the historical paintings the principal are considered "Sons of Jacob sell their brother, Joseph", "Samson beat the Philistines," "Eleazar and Rebecca," "the Battle with the cimbri Maria" (aka "Defeat kimbrow", 1834, Paris, Louvre) and the "Rest of the Holy Family on the flight into Egypt".