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Pavel
Dmitrievich Korin Russia 1892 - 1967
1892−1967
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Pavel Dmitrievich Korin (June 25 (July 7) 1892, Palekh, Vyaznikovsky district, Vladimir Province - November 22, 1967, Moscow) - Russian and Soviet painter, monumentalist, portrait master, restorer and teacher, professor.
Academician of the USSR Academy of Arts (1958; Corresponding Member (1954). People's Artist of the USSR (1962). Winner of the Leninskaya (1963) and Stalin Prize of the second degree (1952).
Born on June 25 (July 7), 1892 in Palekh, in the family of hereditary icon painters. Brother - Alexander Korin, also an artist. Father died when Paul was 5 years old.
In 1903-1907 he studied at the Palekh icon-painting school, after which he was accepted as a student in the Moscow icon-painting chamber of the Donskoy Monastery, headed by KP Stepanov.
In 1911, M. V. Nesterov, for whom Pavel Korin copied his works, invited him to help paint the church; many years later, in a letter dated July 26, 1935, Korin wrote to his teacher: "You threw your flame into my soul, you are the culprit of my becoming an artist." At the insistence of Nesterov in 1912, Pavel entered the School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. His teachers were KA Korovin and L. O. Pasternak.
In 1916, Korin graduated from college and in accordance with the wishes of the Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna went to Yaroslavl and Rostov to study the frescoes of ancient Russian churches.
In February 1917 he settled in the attic of the house number 23 on Arbat, where he organized his workshop. He worked there until 1934 [5]. Here the artist was visited by Maxim Gorky, who took part in his fate: he procured a trip to Italy for Pavel Korin from the Soviet government.
In 1933, Korin moved to the workshop on Malaya Pirogovskaya Street (house No. 16), where he lived and worked until the end of his life and where the P. D. Korin House-Museum is now located. In 1942, he led a team of restorers who restored the ceiling and lobby of the Bolshoi Theater, victims of the bombing [791 source not specified].
After the war, Korin led the restoration of the paintings of the Dresden Gallery, headed the restoration workshop of the Pushkin Museum. In the Vladimir Cathedral of Kiev, he restored the frescoes and personally restored the paintings of Viktor Vasnetsov and Mikhail Nesterov.
In 1958 he was awarded the title of People's Artist of the RSFSR, he was elected a full member of the USSR Academy of Arts. And in 1962, Korin was awarded the title of People's Artist of the USSR.
In 1963, Pavel Dmitrievich was awarded the Lenin Prize for portraits of Martiros Saryan, Ruben Simonov, Kukryniks, Renato Guttuso. In the same year, a personal exhibition of the artist was held on the occasion of the 70th anniversary of his birth and the 45th anniversary of his creative activity.
In 1966, Korin signed a letter of 25 cultural and science figures addressed to Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee, against the rehabilitation of Stalin [6].
He died on November 22, 1967 in Moscow, buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery (station number 1).
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